Allgreat literatures are true to life.
Life is the subject matter of literature.Life provides the raw material on which literature imposes an artistic form.The connection between literature and life is intimate and vital.
Literature isthe expression of individual and social life and thought through language.Literature traverses beyond the horizons serving the needs of the people. Itvoices their inmost desires, their noblest aspiration. Literature is greatbecause of its universality. It must have social functions.
Literature can getat the heart of what we are doing and the experience we share can beilluminated. Literature and life are inextricably intertwined. The primaryfunction of literature is certainly to make the readers glad, giving a perennialsource of joy. Literature exists to please- to lighten the burden of men’slives, to make them forget the sorrow and their silenced heart. Literature downthe ages has been extremely accommodating, it reflects the spirit of the age,it grows out of life, reach upon life and is fed by life. Human affections andfeelings, passion and sensibilities remain the ingredients of literature. Personality Development has becomean inevitable and important subject of study in the ever-changing world oftoday. The use of language and the way in which one communicates with otherpromote effective relationship building.
Interpersonal skills helps anindividual to ‘communicate’ and ‘relate’ with other effectively. “Language is asocial activity, and as such is a form of joint action where people collaborateto achieve a common aim”. (Harley) In this context literature becomes avaluable resource for the teachers to use select literature as their materialsin their classrooms to cater to the needs and expectation of the students atall levels. The overview of study of personality development shows the mutualand interconnected relationship among the study of literature, communicationand interpersonal communication. Literature has close connection withlife and it is the study of life. The subject matter of literature is thepresentation of life. Life provides the raw material by which literatureinterfuses an artistic pleasure, pattern and form.
Great literature alwaysgrasps and reflects these emergent truths that rise triumphant over thewreckage of the past. Indeed, literature as its deepest has a revolutionarycontent, and is violently condemned by unreasoning convention. Through literature, we converse withthe great dead, with Plato, with Buddha, with Montaigne with Addison. We walkthe streets of Babylon, of Athens, of Rome and of Alexandria.
We see greatmonuments, reared ages ago and long since crumpled to the dust. Though literature, we learn wisdomfrom Aristotle, geometry and Euclid, law from Justinian, morality from Christand St. Paul. The benchmark of true literature is that it relays the aims ofhumanity. Literature too is some kind ofsupernatural entity; and just as beauty and truth cannot be evaluated by commonstandards, in the same way pleasure and delight can only be derived fromliterature when it is placed outside the strictures of society.
Literature is akind of social activity and humanity is affected by it, then the aims ofliterature and humanity necessarily coincide. Literature is a branch of lifeand there is no reason why, in a natural world, since it analyzes and explainshuman emotions, it should become something of a Holy Spirit speaking from oneheight. Literature answers the questions ofwhat man must love, what he must hate, and how he must live. And if the truthbe told, literature has nothing to do with didacticism. It does not provide thebitter medicine of counsel and admonition for mankind is malady but insteadnurses it with gentle, soothing melody. While it is true that literaturederives from the past and the present, what is preeminently seeks in thefuture. If it looks back or left and right, it is to see the contours of lifeis path so that mankind may find its way more easily forward. The recited epics of Homer, theacted plays of Shakespeare, the chanted songs of Chandidas and vachanas of 12thcentury Sharinis or the communal reading of Mangala kavya had a more extendedappeal than our modern poets and novelist who express only segments of sociallife.
Poetry that expresses intensely individual views and sentiments, novelsthat depict the manners of a limited class of community or deal with highlyspecialized problems, cannot surely be of the same level as are Tulsidas’sRamcharitmanas or Kritibas’s Ramayana, which had and still have a mass appeal.This led Aristotle to affirm that the proper subject of poetry is human action. When compared with others, Chaucerwas a much richer artist because he had a great insight into the sight of man.Modern writers have developed a flair for expression, feelings and situationthat are subtle and complex in language. Wordsworth realized this and advocatedthat poetry should be the language of common every day speech, the heightenedspeech of the rustics.
The more literature is free from its class limitations,and becomes the vehicle of the thoughts and feelings of the common man, the morewill it tend to become popular and public. Literature is a tool for the entirehumanity. There may be divergent viewpoints through different eras, but,ultimately literature and life both believe in a kind of righteousness.
Literature is an aesthetic experience, and act of purgation or sometimes avent, for it extracts details directly from the society or from history ormythology and so on. Literature relives the uniqueness of life. It is howeveran inspiration of real life, which leaves an indelible mark, that kindleswriting. The artist does not give a vivid imitation of reality, but an idea ofhis conception of it.