Agar Experiment Report Group member Andrew Kiza Umar Ali Lamar fetu Malachi Bell Research Question How can temperature affect the rate of diffusion of a solution in agar cells

Agar Experiment Report
Group member
Andrew Kiza
Umar Ali
Lamar fetu
Malachi Bell
Research Question
How can temperature affect the rate of diffusion of a solution in agar cells? 
Rationale
Diffusion is one of the very important processes by which substances such as nutrients, water, oxygen, and cellular wasted are transported between living cells and their environment. This activity will help you explore the relationship between diffusion and cell size by experimenting with model cells. The rate of diffusion is measured by considering the time taken for changes to physical change occur. In this consider agar mixed with an indicator that changes colour when placed in the basic solution. It will measure the amount of diffusion that shows in the agar blocks to determine of cell size on the cells ability to obtain substances by diffusion. In this experiment, we used agar cubes to which the indicator sodium hydroxide has been added. Sodium hydroxide is an acid/base indicator that turns pink in the presence of a base such as NaOH. Thus, the surface of the agar cubes will turn pink immediately when put into a NaOH solution. The NaOH will continue to diffuse through the cube and gradually turn the inside of the cube pink.

Hypothesis
Is if the temperature is increased then the rate of diffusion will follow due to the added energy to the agar molecules. It is justified by the added energy to molecules due to the increased temperature.

Methodology
Original Experiment
In the original experiment was to check the rate of diffusion in agar at normal room. The 3x3x3cm cube of agar placed in a 200ml beaker containing sodium hydroxide. After 5 minutes of letting the agar sit in the beaker, we realised it and sliced it in half, we then measured how much of the sodium hydroxide diffused into agar.

Modification
To make this experiment more effective, we invested; by added a hot elevated temperature more effective, a thermometer to obtain temperature information much more effectiveness and more beaker to have all same temperature before heated to certain temperature much easier.
Materials
Ruler
Timer
Agar
Large beaker
Hot plate
1.0 M Noah X2
Spoon
Tongs
Sodium hydroxide
Thermometer
Methods for New Experiment
With a knife, slice a cube of agar measuring 3x3x3cm. Be sure to cut as accurately as possible.

Pour 200 mL of 0.1M sodium hydroxide solution into the beaker.

Measure the temperature of 0.1M sodium hydroxide to find the room temperature
Place the beaker filed with 0.1M sodium hydroxide onto the hot plate/heater/stove.

Take the beaker off once the temperature has reached 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit)
Place the cube of agar in the 250mL beaker filled with 0.1M sodium hydroxide and wait 5 minutes.

Once five minutes has passed, take the block of agar out of the beaker and place on a plate.

Cut the piece of agar in half and measure the amount of diffusion took place in the agar.

Record results and redo the experiment 3 additional times to see if your results are precise.

How to Calculate
Calculating % diffusion in each cube:
Calculate total volume of each cube (volume = L x W X H)
Calculate volume that did not turn pink. (That is, calculate total volume of the small portion of the cube that did not turn pink – use the same formula L X W x H)
Calculate volume diffused = total volume – volume not pink.

Calculâtes % diffusion = Volume diffuse /total volume x 100
Calculate the surface area of each cube and the surface area to volume ratio:
Calculate the surface area of a cube = L x W x # of sides
Calculate surface area/volume ratio
Risks Management
Potential risks How to minimise risks
Room Temperature Results
Cubes Temperature Diffusion(mm)
1 28 4.0
2 34 4.5
3 40 4.7
Cubes
Size Total Cube
Volume (cm3) Total Volume that was not pink (cm3) Volume of diffused cube- total volume that was not pink Percentage Diffusion
Surface area of cube cm2
Surface area to volume ratio
3x3x3cm
27cm3
17.57cm 27-17.57 =9.43cm
34.9% 9cm2 9.27
1.3
3x3x3cm
27cm3 16.58cm 27-16.58 = 10.42cm 38.59% 9cm2 9.27
1.3
3x3x3cm 27cm3 16.16cm 27-16.19 = 10.81 40.05% 9cm2 9.27
1.3

In this experiment, the data that was collected supports the experience (if the temperature is increased then the rate of diffusion will follow due to the added energy to the agar molecules). The data collected in the table and the graph indicates that’s temperature effects the rate of diffusion. The results are coherent and there’s not any outliers to distort the data in any way
Conclusion
In this experiment, the hypothesis (if the Is if the temperature is increased then the rate of diffusion will follow due to the added energy to the agar molecules. It is justified by the added energy to molecules due to the increased temperature.

The experiment was carried The hypothesis stated earlier had been accepted through this experiment. Through the analysis and my calculation that indicates the more the surface area a cell has, the more efficient diffusion is going to be. The 3x3x3 cube is to represent the b
Bibliography
Science extension experiment booklet – Semester 1
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/add_aqa_pre_2011/cells/cells3.shtml