After a UNESCO World Heritage Site it is

After discussing the assets and reasoning in the nomination report why Apo Reef should become a UNESCO World Heritage Site it is important to analyse how involved parties can manage tourism at the site in a sustainable way within the next ten years. Being on the tentative list the Apo Reef convinces with its natural beauty, including that it is the second largest coral reef in the world, and its unique and rich flora and fauna. To be able to protect and preserve these exceptional features for future generations, a strategy to manage tourists’ interests and influx in a sustainable way will be necessary taking local communities’ interests in account too. Before answering the problem statement: “Why is the Apo Reef Natural Park an outstanding value for humanity and how could tourism at this site be managed in a sustainable way in the next ten years?” it was necessary to combine strategies and policies showing clear goals funding the outstanding importance of this natural park. The visitor impacts on the site, environment and locals have been taken into consideration, followed by governmental regulations and funding and lastly, how stakeholders and communities work together to ensure the protection of the site for the future. In the beginning, visitor management issues were described. The first visitor management issue is the visitor transportation. There is no clear information about the visitor transportation and no timetables are present. The prices are even higher when not joining a group on a boat. Therefore, schedules and better information are the solution for this issue. To schedule the dates, arrivals and departures of the boats makes it easier to access the ARNP. Besides, those schedules will also include better information of the number of visitors on the boat. The second management issue is the pollution. Almost a 98 percent of all reefs in the Philippines are endangered, with 70 percent at high or very high danger, meaning that the area faces major dangers concerning chemical pollution, coral mining, damaging fishing, coral bleaching as well as ocean warming due to climate change. Scuba Diving and snorkelling activities are very well-liked for visitors and create most of its revenue. However, these actions can be performed uncontrolled, they could create major harm to the coral reef. As a solution for this, zoning as visitor management technique is implemented to differentiate diverse types of visitors, for example by checking their individual status of first time users or advances ones. Talking about the rules and regulations, the Apo reef needs more protection regarding two Governmental regulations which are the “no take zone” and the “no use of destructive methods” otherwise soon there will be no festinating underwater world left. In addition, some financial resources are needed for managing and preserving this site. Money is needed to maintain the natural park. Thanks to may resources, it is expected that the park can be preserved for the next years. Finally, an important role for the management plan also plays the community involvement and the stakeholders. This chapter has been set up to discuss different stakeholders, their interests and possible conflicts which could occur. Among these stakeholders it can be found the Government, NGO´s, the fisher folks, locals, employees, the task Force MARLEN and the tourism businesses.


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