After begun to mobilize his army. Next, on

After 40 million casualties from civilians and military personnel, World War One ended on June 28, 1919.  Paris, France was the location for the treaty to be signed, where the allied country leaders came together to decide Germany’s fate.  Germany was to be held responsible for World War One and is to pay for all the damages which would leave them in financial ruin.  The Treaty of Versailles would anger many German activists which would lead to the next world war.

  With that anger, Adolf Hitler will rise and make Germany a threat to the world again in coming years.  After the conflict of WWI, the allied countries and Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles which proved to be a failed compromise and changed the way we made treaties.    The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on June 28 and an ultimatum was delivered to the Serbian Government on July 23, 1914, by the Austro-Hungarian ambassador.  Serbia was to take steps to get rid of terrorist organizations within the country and allow the Austro-Hungarian government investigate Franz Ferdinand’s assassination, or face military action.  Then on July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia for the czar of Serbia had begun to mobilize his army.  Next, on August 1, Germany declared war on Russia after hearing about Russia’s general mobilization to help out Serbia, and Germany launched an attack on Russia’s ally, France, through Belgium breaking Belgian Neutrality and causing Great Britain to enter the war as well.  In 1915, Germany declared the waters surrounding the British Isles as a war zone and was sinking plenty of commercial and passenger ships including some of the United States.  The United States tried to stay neutral but then entered the world war on April 2, 1915.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

 With dwindling sources, Germany was forced to seek an armistice on November 11, 1918, to end World War One.  On January 28, 1919, the allied leaders came together for the Paris Peace Conference to discuss the what each country wanted in the treaty.  The Big Four which was the United States, France, Great Britain and Italy which made all the big decisions for the treaty.

  For the treaty, Germany trusted President Woodrow Wilson in the leading role for making the Treaty of Versailles.  President Woodrow Wilson of the United States was pushing for peace and didn’t want Germany to be treated too harshly.  The Treaty of Versailles was to be based on the Fourteen Points of peace.  The five of the Fourteen Points were concerns for all international nations, the next eight points were about territories, and who controls where.  Then the last point of the fourteen was the creation of an international organization known as the League of Nations that was intended to help keep peace and keep any conflicts from escalating any further to avoid another great war.  On the other hand, Prime Ministers George Clemenceau of France and David Lloyd George of Great Britain wanted Germany to be severely punished and weakened to properly justify all the costs of the war.  Germany was not even allowed to be included in the peace conferences until a draft of the Treaty of Versailles was written and handed to them in May.Furthermore, the Treaty of Versailles included fifteen parts and four hundred forty articles written.

  Part one of the treaty created the new League of Nations, and that Germany was not allowed to join until the year 1926.  Part two stated Germany’s new boundaries, giving Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Alsace-Lorraine back to France, many eastern districts to Poland, Memel to Lithuania, and large portions of Schleswig to Denmark.  In part three, Saar was taken away from Germany for fifteen years, and in part four, Germany was stripped of all their colonies.  Part five reduced the German military to a maximum of one hundred thousand men.  It also prohibited Germany to use certain types of weapons and prohibited Germany from having a Navy and an Airforce which in turn disarmed the allied countries also.  Germany was then liable to repair the war, and accept blame for all of World War One,  their losses,  and including the allies due to the consequence of Germany’s aggression.  Further financial responsibilities were put on Germany in part nine.

  Shipping and unfair competition were in part ten, and part eleven allowed the allied powers to be able to fly and land their planes on German soil and waters.  Then in part twelve and thirteen, it talked about German waterways and labor offices. Finally, part fourteen establishes guarantees for Eastern, and Western Europe if Germany follows the terms of the treaties, and part fifteen includes miscellaneous rules for Germany to follow.The German officials signed the treaty in protest. Right Wing German parties even assassinated several politicians for they thought the signing of the Treaty of Versailles was a betrayal of the country.  They were in disbelief because they put the United States as the leader for constructing the treaty but they got something different than they expected.

  Although the United States led the conference for the treaty, the United States Senate refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles due to the League of Nations, and its terms.  The Senate believed that with the League of Nations, the United States will be held back and their power will be restricted.  Also, in part ten of the treaty stated that the League of Nations may declare war without the consent of the United States Senate.  So the United States failed to pass the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations.

The United States then proceeded on to sign a different treaty with Germany in August of 1921.In comparison, France and Berlin forced the Treaty of Versailles on Germany for five years quite rigorously.  In 1924, France was pressured for their occupation in Germany.

  France left Germany but Germany had to pay reparations due to the Dawes Plan and the Young Plan, but due to the depression, the plans were canceled in 1932.  The allied nations then left Germany in 1930.  Since about the 1920s, Germany had even broken the treaty by building up its military. Then in 1935 Germany’s Adolf Hitler got rid of and disposed of the Treaty of Versailles.  On September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland to alter the frontier led by Hitler.Germany’s economy even took a toll because of the Treaty of Versailles.  


I'm Mary!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out