ADM through which private property actually passes is

ADM 4150 Modernity and the Idea of FreedomWeekly QuestionsWeek #10 K.Marx(Manuscript) The Question: Marx claims ”Political economy proceeds from the fact of private property, but it does not explain it to us.” Please explain this claim and the consequence of starting the analysis from the ”fact” of private property. Political economy proceeds from the fact of private property, but it does not explain it to us. The material process through which private property actually passes is handled by general, abstract formulas, then these formulas are adopted as laws. they cannot comprehend this law – that is, they can not show how private property is born from its own structure.Political economy can not explain the source of division between the labor and the capital and between the capital and the land. The most important reason is the interests of the capitalists in defining the relationship between wages and profit. For example, it defines the relationship of wages to profit, it takes the interest of the capitalists to be the ultimate cause, i.e., it takes for granted what it is supposed to explain. (Marx, 2017) The only thing that political economics takes into action is the war between greed and the greedy; that is competition. It is necessary to grasp the essential link between private property, money ambition and labor, the capital, and the establishment of land ownership in terms of the money system. Do not let us go back to a fictitious primordial condition as the political economist does when he tries to explain. Such a primordial condition explains nothing; it merely pushes the question away into a grey nebulous distance. The economist assumes in the form of a fact, of an event, what he is supposed to deduce – namely, the necessary relationship between two things – between, for example, the division of labor and exchange. Therefore, the actual fact is explained: (Marx, 2017)The more wealth a worker produces, the greater the power and scope of production, the less he becomes impoverished. The more commodities he creates, he becomes a cheaper commodity. The world of people is worthless in direct proportion to the increasing value of the world of things. Labor does not only produce commodities but also it produces itself and the worker as a commodity, and it does so in the commodity production. (Marx, 2017)According to Marx, man has been reduced to a piece of machine. alienation emerges as a process of returning to the same human being as the result of human labor as an alien essence enslaving him. Marx, who puts the concept of alienation on a social basis, stresses that alienation is not always an endless concept everywhere is a historical phenomenon.Marx also deals with alienation in terms of private property and labor.According to Marx, private property is nothing but alienation. Private property is both a source of “alienated labor”, a necessary end result, and the forced source and the reason of self-alienation of labor. On the other hand, the division of labor leads to alienation, a specialization that emerges as a necessary result, and people perceive it as a power that must be enslaved and subordinated to itself.According to Marx, alienation is not a phenomenon specific to capitalism, but capitalism is a system of objective conditions that bring the phenomenon of human alienation to the highest level. Capitalism, on the one hand, creates new addictions through new needs, while on the other hand, it contains traps that will prevent or delay human beings becoming aware of their alienation.Money, according to Marx, is the alienated power of mankind. Individuals can do what they can not do as human beings through money. Money is an external universal force that reverses all human qualities and puts them in the position of their opponents. Marx argues that the alienation of the labor produces its own antagonist one. The act of creating labor becomes more dominant in it, rather than emancipates from it. Every generation produces a little less of itself, causing every action to become a little more passive and every use of the power to become a little weaker. In addition to the effect of alienation on labor and money, Marx also refers to the “labor” itself in terms of alienation. Labor leads the workers away from themselves.Historically, according to Marx, man is increasingly alienated while increasingly controlling nature on the one hand. In other words, human history is the history of man’s control over nature and alienation.Private property is a result of that controlling over power.Through estranged, alienated labor, then, the worker produces the relationship to this labor of a man alien to labor and standing outside it. The relationship of the worker to labor creates the relationship to it of the capitalist (or whatever one chooses to call the master of labor). Private property is thus the product, the result, the necessary consequence, of alienated labor, of the external relation of the worker to nature and to himself. (Marx, 2017)References:         Marx, K. (2017). 1844 El Yazmalar?. ?stanbul: ?leti?im Yay?nlar?.                    


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