activities methods that should supposedly be used

activities within the lives ofCordillera Regional Science High School (CRSHS) students and moreover, thelifestyle of these students affected by extraneous variables including thedemographic variable of the participants such as the gender and age. Also, theinfluence of these lifestyle behaviours on sport and recreational activities ofthe students will be examined.

A considerable amount of studies wereconducted in Australia or United Kingdom but less research involving sports and recreational activities wereconducted in the Philippines. Participation of adolescents in sports has beenextensively studied. However, less attention has been paid to extraneousvariables affecting the finding of the research. Moreover, demographic variableof the participants such as age and background or history of these participantsthat were related in sports played was not examined by some of the previousresearches. The previous studies covered a limited range of time used inexamining the participants that may cause the researchers to conclude “noevidence” found. In addition, longitudinal or longer time of examination shouldbe used to find more findings or information (Charity, Eime, Harvey, Payne& Young, 2013). Most of the previous researches usedinformation or data from researches ten years from the current conduct of thesestudies. Therefore, there is a limitation on the methods that should supposedlybe used such as the number of participants and the place or geography.

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 Because  there are a few number of studies in Philippines involving sports and specially recreationalactivities, additional studies of these are needed to find solutions in solvingas to why Philippines became an underrated in sport activities. Moreover, itcan indicate the problems that are becoming the barriers to the participants. The following are the researchquestions that are related to sports: Is there a significant difference between the behaviours of athletes in terms of individual-based and team-based sports? How the barriers and influence in sports and recreational activities are affects the participation of athletes? What is the impact or influence of the athletes’ parents in their performances? What is the relationship between the performance and success of the athletes and the availability of sport facilities and equipment? Is there a relationship between the times involved in sedentary activities displaced by the time that is involved in sedentary activities? How does the participation of athletes in sports affect their lifestyle behaviors? Theoretical and Conceptual Framework            Thefollowing are the concepts or ‘building blocks’ that can be found in thisresearch (the following are related to sports and recreational activities): Sports and recreational activity Type of sports and recreational activities Barriers and influences Parental influence Facility use Lifestyle behaviours Sedentary behavioursIn this research, sport andrecreational activities refers to the leisure time of the student-athletes thatis related to physical activity such as basketball, volleyball and others. Onthe other hand, the type of sport and recreational activities also refers rhothe two kinds which are the team-based shorts and individual-based sports. Thebarriers and influence refers to the obstacle and the effect of participatingin recreational and sporting activities. Parental influence refers to theeffect of parents if either, neither and only one play/ed in sports. Thefacility use refers to how many times do a student-athletes play using facilityand also the effect in the participant’s success in sports. Specifically, twolifestyle behaviours will be examined which are the smoking and alcoholconsumption.

This is to determine if there is a relationship of these lifestylebehaviours and sports. Lastly, sedentary index refers to the time spent forsedentary activities such as using computers, watching T. V. and others.

              Fromthe theory of planned behavior which was developed by Icek Ajzen and used inthe area of sports, this theory has four major parts which are the following:(1) attitude (2) subjective norm (3) intention and; (3) perceived behavioralcontrol. Intention also refers to the determination of an athlete to perform aspecific kind of sport activity and also the maintainability that will becomehis/her behavior. It is concluded in this theory that the stronger thewillingness of a person to do that behavior, the more likely that a person willcling to that behavior.

On the other hand, attitude pertains to theindividual’s positive or negative responses based from a person’s behavioralbeliefs or consequences behind that specific action or physical activity. Oneexample is the preference of team-based and individual-based sports. If aperson prefers a team-based sport, one reason behind it is that it will improvehis/her social skills. Subjective norm also refers to the influence ofimportant people such as friends, family and others or also called as normativebeliefs.

Lastly, perceived behavioral control refer to lack or presence ofrequirement such as the facilities and others. It is concluded from these theoriesthat the four major psychological variables (perceived behavioral, subjectivenorm, attitude and intention) which influence our behaviors should be examinedin every sports and recreational activities in order to find solutions from aspecific problem. Moreover, intervention research reveals that this theory canbe used as a framework for sport-related researches (Ajzen, 2011).The paradigm below focuses ondescribing the place of sport and recreational activities within the lives ofCordillera Regional Science High School (CRSHS) students and in addition,examines the lifestyle and behaviours on sport and recreational activities. Thefigure below shows the variables that will be examined in this currentresearch.



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