ACKNOWLEDGEMENT cross, and rose from the dead physically.

                       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTThiswriting about Christianity would not have been possible without the support ofmany peoples.

I want to express my gratitude to my class teacher, Madam AlinaShuhaida binti Mohammad Ramly who was abundantly helpful and offered invaluableassistance, support and guidance. Special thanks also to my group mates,Nusaibah, Nurain Najihah and Nurul syafiqah for helping me to write about Christianity.I really grateful that I managed to complete this assignment within the timegiven by Madam Alina Shuhaida. My thanks and appreciation also go to the peoplewho are directly or indirectly helped me out in developing the assignment.

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 INTRODUCTIONThefunction of religion is to explain the unexplained, thereby giving humanity asense of comfort in a world of chaos. Food, as it sustains life, is anessential part of religious symbols, rituals and customs, daily life deedsaimed at establishing an orderly relationship with the spiritual or supernaturalrealms. Many of the characteristics that shape dietary habits come fromreligious laws. Throughout the world, many people tend to eat or avoid certainfoods according to their religious beliefs. Differences in diet associated withreligion should be considered when designing a balanced diet.  CHRISTIANITYChristianityis a religion based on the teachings and miracles of Jesus. Jesus was anointedfrom God the Father who came into the world, fulfilled the Old Testament lawsand prophecies, died on the cross, and rose from the dead physically.Christianity teaches that there is only one God in all existence, that God madethe universe, the Earth, and created Adam and Eve.

In the world, more peoplefollow Christianity than any other religion. The dominant three branches of Christianityare Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox Christians and Protestantism. Theconviction of Christian faith is found in the Apostles and the Creed of Nicene.This belief explains that people are saved through the grace of God, Jesus’life and death, and his resurrection as Christ.Formost Christian sacraments mark the main stage of worship and retain individualworshipers. The observed sacraments, and their manner of observation, differamong Christian groups. The seventh Roman Catholic sacrament, for example,baptism (entering the church of Christ), confirmation, (the soul receiving theHoly Spirit), the Eucharist (taking part in the sacred presence by sharingbread and wine), marriage (the unity of a man and a woman through love)unification (healing of mind, spirit and body), peace (rejection andconfession) and the ordination of scholars.

             ROMANCATHOLICISMThelargest number of people who follow Christian religion in the United States whichis Roman Catholics. The number of Roman Catholics in the world (almost 1.1billion) is higher than most other religious traditions. There are more RomanCatholics than all the combined Christians and more Roman Catholics than allBuddhists or Hindus. Although there are more Muslims than Roman Catholics, thenumber of Roman Catholics is greater than the Sh?’ite and Sunni Islamtraditions.

 ROMANCATHOLICS FEAST DAYSTheRoman Catholic Day is a day set aside to remember people and important eventsthrough the journey of Faith from the birth of Mary all day through this dayhonoring the saints. In addition to Christmas (the birth of Christ) and Easter(Christ’s resurrection after the crucifixion), Americans in the United Statesalso celebrate New Year’s Day, Announcements (March 25), Palm Sunday (Sundaybefore Easter) (forty days after Easter), Sunday Pentecost (fifty days afterEaster), Assumption (15 August), All Saint’s Day (1 November), and ImmaculateConception (8th December).  ROMANCATHOLICS FAST DAYTheCatholic Church historically observes the discipline of fasting and abstinenceat various times each year. For Catholics, fasting is a reduction in foodintake, while abstinence refers to the deferment of meat (or other types offood). The Catholic Church teaches that all people are required by God toredeem their sins, and the redemptive acts are personal and physical.

The purposeof fasting is spiritual, self-discipline, imitation of Christ, and redemption.ForRoman Catholics, fasting only confirms one full meal per day in the afternoon. Youcan still consumed food intake in the morning or evening. The abstinence lawrequires a Catholic aged 14 years to refrain from eating meat on Friday torespect the Passion of Jesus on Good Friday. Meat is considered as meat andorgans of mammals and poultry.

Also prohibited is the soup or gravies theymake. Salt and fish species, amphibians, reptiles and fish shells arepermitted, and animal products such as margarine and gelatin that have no meattaste.Thefasting law requires Catholics from the 18th Anniversary (Canon 97) to the 59thAnniversary, to reduce the amount of food consumed from the usual. The churchdefines this as one serving a day, and two small meals that if added togetherwill not exceed the main meal in quantity. Such a fasting must be at Ash Wednesdayand Good Friday. Fasting can be break by eating between food and drink that canbe considered as food (milk shake, but not milk). Alcoholic beverages do notbreak the fast, but they seem to be in conflict with the spirit of redemption.

Inaddition to those who are out of age, those who are not minded, sick, weak,pregnant or breastfeeding women according to the need for meat or food, manuallabor according to their needs, are people who are excused from fasting orabstinence.     EASTERNORTHODOX CHRISTIANITYTheEastern Orthodox Church is like the old Catholic Roman Catholic Branch, eventhough are unusual in the United States. The Orthodox Church consists of fourteenchurches, five of them  which are Constantinople.Alexandria (Egyptian Coptic Church), Antioch, Jerusalem and Cyprus.FEASTDAYS IN EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITYEasternOrthodox festivals are Christmas, Theophany, Annunciation, Easter (First Sundayafter the full moon after March 21), Ascension (40 days after Easter),Transfiguration and the Birth of Theotocos of the Holy. Easter is the mostimportant holiday in Eastern Orthodox religion and is celebrated on the firstSunday after the full moon after March 21, but not the Jewish Passover. FASTDAYS IN THE EASTERN ORTHODOXSomestrict rules for fasting are found in the Eastern Orthodox Church. During theLenten season, there are days when members are encouraged to restrict theirfood strictly or avoid eating altogether.

Lent is the forty days before Easter.On the third Sunday before Lent (Meat Fare Sunday), all the meat inside thehouse is eaten. On Sundays before Lent (Cheese Fare Sunday), all cheese, eggsand butter in the house are eaten. The next day, Net Monday, Lenten quickly started.Duringthe second week of Lent, full meals are only allowed on Wednesdays and Fridays.However, many members do not follow the rule. On weekdays is a quarantine ofmeat, eggs, dairy, fish, wine and oil which are limited. This also applies toany food products that contain these items.

A week before Leprosy, all animalproducts, including meat, are cannot be eaten. Good Friday is a day for acomplete fasting where a member is encouraged not to eat anything.Thosewho receive Holy Communion on Sunday refrain from food and drink before theservice. Fasting is considered a chance to prove that the soul can rule thebody. On a quick day, no meat or animal products (milk, eggs, butter andcheese) are eaten. Fish is also avoided, but shellfish are usually allowed. Theolder Orthodox followers of Greece or the more obedient did not use olive oilin quick days, but would eat olives.

PROTESTANTISMThe16th-century religious movement known as the Reformation established by the Protestantchurches by questioning the practices of the Roman Catholic Church andultimately separating itself from its teachings. The man who are primarilyresponsible for the Reformation was Martin Luther, a German Augustinian monkwho taught theology. He started the movement in 1517, when he patted a documentcontaining 95 protests against some Catholic practice at the castle’s door atWittenberg. He then expanded his position. Ten years later, some countries andGermany organized the Protestant Lutheran Church based on the teachings ofMartin Luther.Themost important food ordinance in Protestant churches is the Eucharist, alsocalled communion, or the Lord’s Supper. However, apart from the liquid andbread as the piece offered, there is little consistency in the celebration ofthis procedure.

It may indicate a meeting with the presence of a living God,remembering the Passover Module that Jesus attended, the continuity oftradition through society, or the individual spiritual experience. Althoughwine is traditional, many churches change to grape juice during the Prohibitionand continue this generous practice. Some churches offer wine / juices in asingle shared cup, while others provide small and separate cups.Manyliturgical churches, such as the Lutheran church, offer a wafer similar toCatholic practice. Others like Methodist, often use bread pellets. There areexperts in baking for bread and many denominations only use cut white bread.        FASTINGPRACTICES IN PROTESTANT CHURCHESAmongmany Protestant churches, there are various suggestions on fasting duringLeprosy. This is a result of the Reformation where leaders such as MartinLuther and John Calvin want new believers to focus on salvation by the grace ofGod rather than traditional spiritual disciplines.

TheGathering of the Lord views fasting as a form of self-control and is animportant practice, though it is not obligatory. The members can voluntarilyand privately decide to practice them with the understanding that it is notdone to calm the favor of God.·        The BaptistChurch has not set a day of fasting, either. This practiceis a personal decision when a member wants to strengthen his relationship withGod. ·        The EpiscopalChurch is one of the few that specifically urges fastingduring Leprosy. In particular, experts are asked to fast, pray, and give almsto Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

 ·        The LutheranChurch delivers fasting in Augsburg Recognition. He says,”We do not condemn the fasting itself, but the tradition that sets certaindays and certain flesh, with the danger of conscience, as if these were thenecessary services.” Therefore, although it is not required in aparticular fashion or during Quarantine, the church has no problem with themembers fast with the right intentions. ·        The MethodistChurch also sees fasting as the personal concern of itsmembers and has no regulation about it. However, the church encourages membersto avoid indulgences such as favorite foods, hobbies, and entertainment such aswatching TV during Leprosy.

 ·        The PresbyterianChurch also takes a voluntary approach. It is seen as apractice that can bring members closer to God, rely on Him for help, and helpthem against oppression.SEVENTHDAY ADVENTISTSSeventh-dayAdventist Church recognizes the autonomy of every individual and the power ofhis choice given by God.

Instead of controlling the behavioral standards,Adventists call upon each other to live as a positive example of God’s love andcare. Some of these examples are by maintaining health and trusting that Godcalling us to take care of our bodies, treating them with respect for divinecreation worthy. The size and advantages, even if something good, can hurt ourhealth.Thepractice of Adventism is very different from the church to the church.

Some aremore conservative, others are more liberal. Some examples are:·        Homosexuality:Similar to all conservative Christian denominations, SDA does not allowhomosexual ordination. Loving, having the same sex partner are cannot bemarried or have their recognized or blessed from other people. ·        Sabbath:Perhaps the most obvious practice that distinguishes them from most otherChristian churches is that they follow observing Saturday as their weeklySabbath (from Friday to sunset).

Their religious education classes are called theSabbath School, not Sunday school. Some followers greet “HappySabbath” when they meet. ·        Education:Higher education is highly respected in the church. The rate of collegegraduates among Seventh-Day Adventist membership is about twice the US nationalaverage.Adventistsbelieve the welfare key lies in a balanced and simple life. Nature creates alot of good things that lead to lively health. Pure water, fresh air andsunlight, when properly used, can promote a clean and healthy life.

Exerciseand avoid harmful substances such as tobacco, alcohol and mind-changingmaterial lead to clear thinking and wise choices. A balanced vegetarian dietthat avoids the use of meat coupled with intake of legumes, cereals, nuts,fruits and vegetables, along with the source of vitamin B12, will promotehealthy health. Adventistsbelieve that illness is a result of a violation of health law. Vegetarian isgenerally practiced because the Bible states that the diet in Eden does notinclude meat. Most Adventists are lacto-ovo-vegetarians (dairy products andeggs, but not meat). Some take the meat, but they avoid pork and mussels.

Mrs.White encourages the use of nuts and nuts instead of meat, replacing vegetableoils for animal fat, and using whole grains in bread.LikeMormons, Adventists do not drink tea, coffee, or alcohol and do not use tobaccoproducts. Water is considered the best liquid that should be eaten only beforeand after eating, not during meals. Food that are highly seasoned and containedhot spices such as mustard, chilli powder and black pepper are avoided. Eatingbetween meals is not recommended for food to be properly digested.

               ISSUESABOUT FOOD ALLERGIES VS FEASTING AND FELLOWSHIP IN THE CHURCHEatingcan be a source of fellowship, but in a fallen and allergic world, it can alsochallenge. For most people, eating is a wonderful opportunity for Christianfellowship. But for people with allergies, it can be a source of division andisolation.

The festivals of the Church that serve as a symbol of unity andChristian identity can be complicated in the fallen world. The commoncelebration is good, but it can also be complicated. If we want to love ourbrothers in Christ well, then it is time to think deeply about foodsensitivities and their relationship with Christian hospitality andself-sacrifice.

Foodallergies cases are increasing. We know friends and family members who havefood allergies. Maybe we have allergies by ourselves. Given the reach of socialmedia, we also hear the stories of children and teens who have experiencedanaphylactic shock after a bite of Rich Krispies Treat. The cause of foodallergies is unclear but the effect can be irritating such as skin reactions,eczema, rashes, itching and watery eyes, and congestion. For others they arelife threatening because of breathing difficulties, obstruction of respiratorytract or swollen tongue, dropping blood pressure, chest pain, loss ofconsciousness and sometimes death.Forthose with food allergies, the shared schedule can be a minefield. Since riskallergies arise to the church, many churches begin to set up food policies asthey are in school.

Some will label meals that are allergen-free or set them ona table set to reduce pollution, while others offer gluten-free bread forcommunion. As allergic awareness grows, so does the church’s ability to bearthe burden of those who endanger their health every time they gather to eat asa congregation.Churchmembers are also beginning to bear their burdens by recognizing the differencesbetween the risk of allergy and the preference of food present in variousbodies. If two decades ago have seen an increase in food allergies, they alsosee growing interest in food sources, with many consumers increasingly becomingaware of what they take into their bodies and doing the food just clean,organic, or local food.

  CONCLUSIONThedominant three branches of Christianity are Roman Catholics, Eastern OrthodoxChristians and Protestantism. Food rules differ from one denomination oranother Christian group, with some groups not observing any restrictions. Somedays of fasting are observed by Catholic and Orthodox Christians on certaindays such as Good Friday or during Leprosy. In conclusion, the choice of foodis caused by different causes and religions. Understanding the role of food incultural and religious practices is an important part of showing respect andresponse to others from different religions.


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