According the early 1990’s, Al Qeada has been

According to the 7th editionof Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is aweapon such as a nuclear weapon, a chemical weapon or a biological weapon thatcan cause a lot of destruction and kill many people, and terrorism is definedas the use of violent action in order to achieve political aims or to force agovernment to act. These two terms combined is one of the biggest threats forthe humanity and is responsible for the loss of hundreds of lives many times.

Terrorists usually don’t have the possibility to produce biological andchemical weapons, unless the material can be found. However, biological andchemical attacks are not the biggest concern. The production of nuclear weaponis what really worries the Most Economically Developed Countries as everyscenario starts with the production of nuclear weapons. Al Qaeda is consideredas the terrorist group that has gone the furthest in designing biological andchemical weapons, but also in obtaining access to nuclear capabilities. Fromthe early 1990’s, Al Qeada has been trying to get in the black market to obtainWMDs. Osama Bin Laden, in 1998, has claimed that acquiring weapons of massdestruction is his “Islamic duty”.

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Some of the most important steps taken intosolving this issue are the treaties signed, such as; Treaty on theNon-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons, Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, NuclearWeapon-Free Zones and Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Libya refuses theconcept of terrorists acquiring WMDs, recognizes this issue and has taken stepsinto solving it; such as signing the NuclearNon-Proliferation Treaty.                        This issue is highly crucial to UN, as manyconventions have been signed in order to eradicate the problem. Convention onthe Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, International Convention for theSuppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, The Convention on the Prohibition ofthe Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) andToxin Weapons and on their Destruction, and the Convention on the Prohibitionof the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and ontheir Destruction. They all have the same aim, to prevent terrorists fromhaving access to different kinds of WMDs. The Nuclear Non Proliferation Treatyhas been one of the most important and beneficial treaties upon this issue andit has been signed by many member states, Including Libya. Up to now, tenresolutions have been voted within the past nine years.

UN has been involved inpreventing terrorists from acquiring WMDs for a significant amount of time andhas made progress.                        Libyaunited with the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) in 1963, signedthe NuclearNon-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)in 1968 and accepted it in 1975, and concluded a security agreement with the International AtomicEnergy Agency (IAEA)in 1980. Before that, Libya was allocated as one of the most dangerouscountries regarding weapons of mass destruction, includingnuclear weapons. Yet in recent years, concerns about Libyan nuclear ambitionshave lessened, though apprehensions about Libyan chemical weapons efforts remainalive. Libya’s limited but developing domestic technical base makes itclear to see that Libya won’t be able to obtain access to nuclear weapons inthe estimative future. President Qadhafi had not abandoned his ambition ofobtaining a nuclear weapon.

He sustained to attempt to develop a Libyan nuclearweapons infrastructure. Despite years of struggle to acquire nuclear weapons,Libya’s program remained in the same. Prior to 2003, the U.S. IntelligenceCommunity predicted that Libya would have a dependable weapon by 2007.  Followingyears, Libya had succeeded in providing a number of students and technicians forthe formation of a nuclear research centre, which consisted of a small nuclearresearch reactor under IAEA safeguards.

This facility, located at Tajura,southeast of Tripoli, was delivered by the former Soviet Union. Since it wasdoubtful that Tripoli could create weapon without significant and sustainedforeign technical assistance, Qadhafi reportedly was trying to gather nuclearscientists to contribute in developing nuclear weapons. Even though Qadhafi’s attitudeon nuclear weapons has been conflicting, in 1975 Libya reaffirmed its pledge tothe 1968 Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, in addition to that,he also stated in interviews in 1981 and 1984 that Libya was only interested inthe peaceful applications of nuclear energy, and he rejected the idea of “an Islamic bomb”. After all these yearsfull of effort, On 19 December 2003 Libya decided to abolish all of itschemical, nuclear, and biological weapons. The shocking announcement shadowednine months of secret talks between Libyan, American, and British officials.Libya agreed to stand by the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, and to allow forinstantaneous inspections and monitoring.

19 December that Libya, afterconsultations with the United States and Britain, had agreed to disassemble itssecret nuclear and other weapons-of-mass destruction programs. The prohibitionmay well have been influenced from Libya’s vital decision to end its covertweapons efforts. A US intelligence analyst said the nuclear field was “substantially further along than had beenpublicly disclosed.” After years of cooperation Libyan leader MoammarGadhafi concluded an agreement 19 December 2003 with the United States andBritain, to give up weapons of mass destruction programs in a bid to end twodecades of international isolation and US sanctions. Libya refuses to use WMDsin regards of terrorism and is open to any solution proposals that will prevent terrorists from acquiring weaponsof mass destruction.                        The solution for this issue is crucial andneeded for international peace and a safer environment. By signing theNuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, it will be easier to prevent terrorists from acquiringweapons of mass destruction.

The increment ofinformation and access to dangerous weapons is in the hands of terrorists. Withstricter and more frequent investigation and legislation, the access to blackmarket for terrorists will be harder to attain and find. One of the mostimportant steps is raising awareness and educating thepublic upon the issue. Citizens must be warned about the damage weapons of massdestruction can cause so that they are aware of the consequences. In additionto that, adding related topics in the national curriculum will be beneficial as nextgenerations will be warned and educated too.

Undoubtedly, none of these wouldfunction properly unless member states agree to cooperate and work incollaboration with international frameworks such as the International AtomicEnergy Agency and United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. In some cases,despite all the effort put in to eradicate an issue, it might occur again andfor that, we recommend all member states to create a strategy plan, in case ofa terrorist attack with weapons of mass destruction takes place. As Libya, our ambition is to and makeaccess to such WMDs more difficult for terrorists and other such non-stateactors. We believe that with the assistance of UN and IAEA, the concerns willbe lessened and the environment we live in will be much safer.            


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