Abstract:Thispaperstrivestodeveloparobotcapableofperformingoperationslikediggingthesoilandseedsowing.ThispapergivestheideaofE-yantrarobotwhichisusedfordiggingandsowingseedsprocess.E-Yantraistheroboticplatform development.Get started byexploringthe included example projects.Runyoursolution

Abstract:Thispaperstrivestodeveloparobotcapableofperformingoperationslikediggingthesoilandseedsowing.ThispapergivestheideaofE-yantrarobotwhichisusedfordiggingandsowingseedsprocess.E-Yantraistheroboticplatform whichisdesignedanddevelopedbytheIIT,Bombayforlearningandeducationpurpose.Themaincomponentusedinthee-yantrarobotisAVRAtmega2560microcontrollerthatsupervisesandcontroltheentireprocess.Initiallytherobotdigsthesoilandthendispensetheseeds.

Thisapplicationworksontheprocessofinternetofthings(IOT).Atpresentmostofthecountriesdonothavetheskilledmanpowerintheagriculturesectorthataffectsthegrowthofthedevelopingcountry.Thefarmershavetoupgradetheirtechnologyfordiggingandsowingseeds.Thisprocessalsoeliminatestherequirementoflaborsinthefarm.

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Byusingthisapplicationseedsareprotectedfrom damageandalsogiveshighsowingrate.Keywords:E-yantra,IOT,Atmega2560,diggingandsowingseedI. IntroductionToday India’s record of progress inagricultureoverthepastfewdecadeshasbeenquiteimpressive.

Inthesedaystherearevariousseedsowingmachinesdevelopedbutthereisnosmartnessofworkdone.Manualmethodincludedispensingtheseedsbyhand.Inpreviousdaysdiggingtheholeanddroppingtheseedsbyusingbullocks and tractors are done, which takevarioustime.Sincetheseprocessrequireslongertimeandhencelargenumberofhumanpowersarerequired foragricultureprocess.Ifskilledhuman powerisnotavailablethen alsoitmaycausesvariousproblemsinseedplantation.Indiais agrarian economies and most of ruralpopulationsdependonagriculturetoearntheirlivelihood.

Agriculture isthe largestlivelihoodprovidedinIndiamostlyintheruralareas.Thefarmersarein need ofseedsforploughing.Theseedsareavailableinpackets manufactureofsuchseed packets. The robotic systems play animmense role in all sections of societies,organizationandindustrialunits.Theinnovativeideaofthispaperisthatsoilisdigandseedsaresownautomaticallybyusing e-yantra robot so that it reduces thePage|2humaneffortsandalsoreducesthecost.TheeyantrarobotistheroboticplatformdevelopedbyIITBombaysuchthatvariousapplicationsareperformed in thee-yantramodule.E-yantramoduleconsistsofthreeflavours:Configuration-1:Master:P89v51RD2 Slave:ATmega2560Configuration-2:Master:ATmega2560Slave:ATmega8Configuration-3:Master:LPC2148 Slave:2xATmega8AmongwhichthispaperworksonATmega2560asamasterconfiguration.

Also,thispaperusestheconceptofinternetofthings(IOT).Theprocessistotallyautomatedsothatthereisnoneedofthefarmertovisitthefarmforwork.Theonemaydotheworkfromtheanyplaceintheworld.Thisprocessisautomatedanddonotcausesthepollutionontheearth.Thistechnologyissafetyforallthelivingbeingsanddonotcausesanyharm.

Thesystemisefficientandaccuratetouse.II. Methodology? Programming Software Atmelstudio6.0AtmelStudioisthenewintegrateddevelopmentenvironment from Atmel.It provides you amodern and powerfulenvironmentfordoingAVR and ARM development.

Get started byexploringthe included example projects.Runyoursolution on a starterorevaluation kit.Program and debug your project with theincludedsimulator,oruseoneofthepowerfulon-chipdebuggingandprogrammingtoolsfromAtmel.Getproductivewiththevariousnavigate,refactor and intelligence features in theincluded editor. It contains seamlessintegrationwithvariousAtmelWEBserviceslikeAtmel Video Lounge, Atmel Store anddatasheetstokeepyouupdatedandhelpyoutodesign your solutions.With strong extensionpossibilitiesandonlinegallery,itispossibleforbothdesignersand 3rd partytoprovidepluginsandcustomizetheenvironmentforbestuseand productivity. Atmel Studio carries andintegratestheGCCtoolchainforbothAVRandARM,AtmelSoftwareframework,AVRassemblerandsimulator.

? E-yantraModulee -Yantra is the robotic platform which isdesignedanddevelopedbytheIIT,Bombayforlearning and education purpose. It is theadvanced roboticplatform having numberoffunctionalityalreadybuiltinit.Alongwiththatthereisprovision in thesystem thatonecaninterface the external hardware on it fordifferentapplication.? MajorBuildingBlocksOfRobotTheMajorComponentsneededfordesigningaRobota. Sensors:ForSensingtheenvironments.b. Actuators:ForMovementof robotsand itsparts.

c. Control:Controller/ProcessorasbrainofRobot.d. Intelligence: User Written Command toperformdesiredsetofaction.

Page|3e. Power:Anecessityformakingasystemwork.f.Communication:Robot can talk to anotherrobot/PC.Fire Bird V ATMEGA2560 technicalspecification? Microcontroller:• Atmel ATMEGA2560 as Mastermicrocontroller (AVR architecturebasedMicrocontroller)• Atmel ATMEGA8 as Slavemicrocontroller (AVR architecturebasedMicrocontroller)? Sensors:• Threewhitelinesensors (extendableto7)• FiveSharpIRrangesensor• EightanalogIRproximitysensors• Two position encoders(extendable tofour)• Batteryvoltagesensing• CurrentSensing(Optional)• FiveUltrasonicRangeSensors(Optional)? Indicators:• 2x16CharactersLCD• BuzzerandIndicatorLEDs? Control:• AutonomousControl• PC asMaster and RobotasSlave inwiredorwirelessmode? Communication:• USBCommunication• WiredRS232(serial)communication• WirelessZigBeeCommunication(2.

4GHZ)• Wi-Ficommunication (ifWi-Fimoduleisinstalled)• Bluetoothcommunication(ifBluetoothwirelessmoduleisinstalled)• Simplexinfraredcommunication(Frominfraredremotetorobot)? Dimensions:• Diameter:16cm• Height:8.5cm• Weight:1100gms? Power:• 9.6V Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)battery pack and externalAuxiliarypowerfrombatterycharger.

• On Board Battery monitoring andintelligentbatterycharger.Page|4Fig.e-yantramoduleIII. ConclusionThemainfocusofthissystem isitsAutomatic way of sowing the seeds.Theseedsaresown in apropersequencewhichresultsinpropergerminationofseeds.Thisautomaticwayofsowingseedsusingarobotreduces the labor requirement.Here thewastage of seeds are also reduce to agreaterextent.Thissystem isdevelopedforthesowingofseedsin an automaticway.Herewiththehelpofarobottheseedsaredispensed in thesoilin a propersequenceherebyreducingthewastageofseeds.Theaim of thisprojectistoreduce the manpower,timeandincreasethesowingrate.

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