Abstract— Agriculture serves to be the major occupation in
India which contributes to maximum of our GDP .It thus becomes important to
have automated techniques for agricultural purposes. Measuring soil
moisture is important in agriculture to help farmers manage their irrigation
systems more efficiently. Embedded
system for automatic irrigation of an agriculture field offers a potential
solution to support site- specific irrigation management that allows producers
to maximize their productivity while saving the water. Thus, this
system may help to increase yields and the quality of the crop by better
management of soil moisture during critical plant growth stages.
Networks (WSN) is intelligent sensor network which are deployed at desired
location to check the current value. WSN is a concept in which the
environmental or physical conditions are monitored and this monitored data is
passed through wireless channel on a main location. WSN contains various
components such as sensors, microcontrollers, electronic board and data
obtained from WSN is stored in the database which is further used in analytic
process. WSN uses sensors to obtain the
input data from the environment. The obtained input or the sensed value is
compared with the preset threshold and then the desired action is taken.
Comparison is done by the microcontroller. Microcontroller takes an action
through relays as a result of comparison. The
WSN system works as follows:
Sense the value using various available sensors
in the field.
Send the sensed values to the controller for
Controller takes the decision based on the
current sensed vales and acts through the actuators.
In past days farmers have been facing many issues.
Crop yields are reduced due to inadequate supply of water. While on the other
hand, sometimes due to farmer’s ignorance or illiteracy fields are filled with
excess amount of water. This may result harmful for some of the crop types as
the fertilizers are drained away by dissolving in the excess water. Also there
are cases where is poor crop yield and bad crop quality due to above mentioned
Therefore, it became necessary to have a cost effective
and time efficient system that can help to monitor and control the parameters
related to soil moisture i.e. the pump on/off. Since the system can work
remotely it can prove to be time efficient because the end user i.e. farmer can
perform the pump on/off using the android application. Facilities like pump
history, pump status can also be checked using the android application.
system can also help to save water or prevent water logging due to excessive water
flow. Different other functionalities like current marker values, FAQs are also
provided. Thus, this application may not only prove to be helpful but can also
help the farmer to interact with the outside world in order to retrieve
information related to farming.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
Providing Smart Agricultural Solutions to
Farmers for better yielding using IOT.
includes the various technologies that can be used to automate the agricultural
system. The detailed study of each type of sensor for specific purposes is
described. It includes current technologies like cloud computing for storing
sensed values for further uses. It also includes fault detection and recovers
management. GPS co-ordinates are also saved .This can be then used for further
purposes. The general flow about the network interfacing with the sensors to
obtain the required parameters is also discussed. 1
IOT Based smart agricultural monitoring
includes various features like GPS based remote controlled monitoring, moisture
and temperature sensing, intruders scaring, security, leaf wetness and proper
irrigation facilities. Various sensors are plotted in the field at different
locations. The operations are performed by interfacing sensors, Wi-Fi, camera with
microcontroller through internet services. 2
Smart Agro System.
This paper describes the implementation of smart Agriculture System using
of wireless sensor networks. Depending on the sensors sensed data is stored in
database further actions are taken. Actions are taken using base station which
includes arduino Uno with integrated GSM module. Base station allots actions to
different sensor nodes. Sensors sensed data is passed to the base station using
Zigbee sensor. To interact with the system android application is provided to
the end user. Static sensors such as soil moisture sensor, pH scale sensor, Humidity
sensor & temperature sensor are plotted in the field. 3
4) Design And development of precision agricultural
system using wireless sensor networks.
In this paper the theory behind the wireless sensor is discussed. The
need along with the working about the wireless sensor network is discussed; the
need to develop the wireless network for the agriculture. Using soil moisture
sensor and temperature sensor, the sensed data is collected in central
processing unit for taking further actions.
III. PROPOSED MODEL
PC/APP: The user will have access
to the system through computer or Android Application. The user will login into
the app on successful registration. The user can check the moisture level of
the field. The user can take appropriate steps according to the water level
i.e. switch on/off pump. User will also be able to check current market rates,
new pesticides, fertilizers and research.
CLIENT: The client will collect
the moisture data from the field and will also notify the user through SMS
SERVER: The Server will
authenticate the user; keep the record of user activity and history of pump
Figure I: Proposed System
IV. SYSTEM OVERVIEW
When new users logins into the system first he has to register first.
Login is provided to him after he uploads his
information. Using his username he can login into the system and use the
services. After the user logins into the system he can see pump history, set
action of the pump i.e. either pump on/off. He can also view current market
rates. Support is also provided to them in case of any queries that can be
solved by administration module. The overall system can be divided into three
modules: Client module, Server module, end user module (app/pc).
1) MODULE SPLITUP
a) Client Module
client module senses the moisture using the sensor and ends the data to the
server module. Client module acts as the intermediate between the external environment
and the system and plays vital role in transferring the data. It uses the GSM.
It also sends the message to the farmer by comparing the threshold and the
current value so that the farmer can take appropriate action depending on his
The data sensed by the client module acts as an
input to server module and the data is updated at regular time intervals. It uses
MySQL, Apache server. This module is also referred to as administration module
because all the managing rights exist with this module. It includes
functionalities like registration, modification, authorization, deletion etc
is controlled by end user like farmer to reads current agricultural
information related his field and performs any appropriate action for the field
Management like making his motor ON/OFF. This module is deployed by using an
Android Application. This module provides functionalities like updates, FAQs,
current market rates, research activities, current market trends etc.
Figure II: System
2) SYSTEM FEATURES
a) Cost Effective
The overall system can prove to be cost effective since the farmer has
to pay fewer amounts and he can have more effective services on one click.
Other than services he can also have updates to the current market schemes.
The system can prove to be time efficient
because the time required by the farmer to travel to the farm can be saved thus
proving to time efficient.
The farmer can
monitor his parameters using the android application. He need not to travel to
the place so the system can prove to be efficient .Since the interfacing
between the external and internal environment is done by android
application therefore, system proves to be efficient and less time consuming.
Less water wastage
Many times too much water is wasted due to the improper time management
for the pump on/off. Therefore, the paper may prove to be solution for proper
water management since water is the most important and essential integrity not
only for the agriculture but also to make the living.
Figure III: System Flow Diagram
In this paper farmer
can monitor and control his farm remotely using the android application. The
system can be integrated to check the moisture level of soil by analyzing the
collected data of the farm. He also can take specific actions like on/off water
pump depending on his requirements without actually visiting the farm. Thus,
the system proves to be cost effective and time efficient.
VI. FUTURE WORK
technologies and devices the system can be converted into drone where it can
prove useful and there is no need to fix the sensors at desired location. This
the system can prove to be cost effective and not location oriented. Analysis
can also be carried out on the collected data. Video conferencing can also be
J.Jayasakthi, Dr.G.S.Anandha Mala “Providing
Smart Agricultural Solutions to Farmers for better yielding using IOT.”
2015 IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for
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