Abstract:Recently the NationalAssessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) have revised the Assessment and Accreditation Process launched in July 2017. The Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) will now beassessed with the new process whose online submission has started from 9thNovember 2017. The new process represents an explicit paradigm shift making itICT enabled, objective, transparent, scalable and robust. Since the process is going to be implemented firsttime, many institutes are facing many queries to comply with the mandatoryrequirements of NAAC. The Research paper attempts to address the above issueand provide a glance of the Revised Assessment and AccreditationProcess thereby by guiding the institutes to apply for NAAC at an ease.
Keywords: NAAC,Assessment, Accreditation, Framework 1. Introduction: In view with the changing trends in higher educationand aligning the reforms and rapidly transforming global education scenario,NAAC has embarked in revising the Assessment and Accreditation (A&A)methodology. Accordingly the Revised Assessment and Accreditation (A&A)Framework was launched in July 2017. Let us take a glance of the revised process. 2. RevisedAssessment and Accreditation Framework: The Revised process is an explicit paradigm shift fromearlier process making it ICT enabled, objective, transparent, scalable androbust. The shift is:· from qualitativepeer judgement to data based quantitative indicator evaluation with increasedobjectivity and transparency· towards extensive use of ICT confirming scalabilityand robustness· in terms of simplification of theprocess drastic reduction in number of questions, size of the report, visit days, and so on· In terms of boosting benchmarking as qualityimprovement tool. This has beenattempted through comparison of NAAC indicators with other international QAframeworks· Introducing pre-qualifier for peer team visit, as 30%of system generated score.
· Introducing System Generated Scores (SGS) withcombination of online evaluation(about 70%) and peer judgement (about 30%)· in introducing the element of third party validation of data· in providing appropriate differences in the metrics, weightages and benchmarks to universities, autonomous colleges andaffiliated/constituent colleges· in revising several metrics to bring in enhancedparticipation of students and alumni in the assessment process 3. Criteria for Assessment NAAC has identified the following seven criteria to serve asthe basis of its assessment procedures: Curricular Aspects Teaching-Learning and EvaluationResearch, Innovations and ExtensionInfrastructure and Learning ResourcesStudent Support and ProgressionGovernance, Leadership and ManagementInstitutional Values and Best Practices 3.1 Key Indicators Under each Criterion a few Key Indicators are identified.These Key Indicators (KIs) are further delineated as Metrics which actuallyelicit responses from the HEIs. Distribution of Weightages across 7 Criteria and34 Key Indicators (KIs) is as follows: Criteria Key Indicators (KIs) Universities Autonomous Colleges Affiliated Colleges 1.Curricular Aspects 1.1 *(U) Curriculum Design and Development 50 50 NA *(A) Curricular Planning and Implementation NA NA 20 1.2 Academic Flexibility 50 40 30 1.
3 Curriculum Enrichment 30 40 30 1.4 Feedback System 20 20 20 Total 150 150 100 2. Teaching- Learning and Evaluation 2.1 Student Enrolment and Profile 10 20 30 2.2 Catering to Student Diversity 20 30 50 2.3Teaching-Learning Process 20 50 50 2.4 Teacher Profile and Quality 50 60 80 2.5 Evaluation Process and Reforms 40 40 50 2.
6 Student Performance and Learning Outcomes 30 50 40 2.7 Student satisfaction Survey 30 50 50 Total 200 300 350 3. Research, Innovations and Extension 3.1 Promotion of Research and Facilities 20 20 NA 3.2 Resource Mobilization for Research 20 10 10 3.3 Innovation Ecosystem 30 20 10 3.4 Research Publications and Awards 100 20 20 3.
5 Consultancy 20 10 NA 3.6 Extension Activities 40 50 60 3.7 Collaboration 20 20 20 Total 250 150 120 *(U) – applicable only for Universities andAutonomous Colleges (A) – applicable only for the Affiliated /Constituent Colleges NA – Not Applicable Table 1: Distribution ofWeightages across 7 Criteria and 34 Key Indicators (KIs) 4. Revised Assessment and Accreditation Process of NAACFig 1. NAACA&A Process*Fig 2.Institutional Information for Quality Assessment (IIQA) Application ProcessFig 3. SSRApplication and Assessment5.
TheGrading Pattern – Introduction of Grade Qualifiers The revised framework will be more ICT intensive and’outcome based ‘. The current grading pattern of NAAC (A++, A+, A, B++, B+, B,C, D) would be continued for accreditation. CGPA Letter Grade Status 3.51 – 4.
00 A++ Accredited 3.26 – 3.50 A+ Accredited 3.01 – 3.25 A Accredited 2.76 – 3.00 B++ Accredited 2.
51 – 2.75 B+ Accredited 2.01 – 2.50 B Accredited 1.51 – 2.00 C Accredited ? 1.
50 D Not Accredited Table 2: GradingSystemA system of applying minimum qualifiers for achievinga grade has been designed and will be implemented.For eg. Universities should score a minimum of 3.01 in Criteria 1, 2 and 3 for achieving a “A” “A+” “A++”gradeFig 4. Gradingand Accreditation6. Benefits ofAccreditationAccreditationfacilitatesInstitution to know its strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities through an informed review process.Identification of internal areas of planning and resource allocationCollegiality on the campus.
Funding agencies look for objective data for performance funding.Institutions to initiate innovative and modern methods of pedagogy.New sense of direction and identity for institutions.
The society look for reliable information on quality education offered.Employers look for reliable information on the quality of education offered to the prospective recruits.Intra and inter-institutional interactions.7.
ConclusionThe Revised NAACprocess is a paradigm shift from earlier process making it ICT enabled,objective, transparent, scalable and robust. However if the points mentioned inthe research paper are gone thoroughly will definitely ease on the process forthe HEIs.8. References:· www.naac.gov.in/· http://mhrd.gov.in/· https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/education/news/naac-to-release-to-new-accreditation-pro-forma/articleshow/59847439.cms· https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/pune/national-seminar-on-naac-framework-held-at-svims/articleshow/61183904.cms https://www.ndtv.com/education/naac-launches-revised-accreditation-framework-1734142