A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED ON THE STUDY OF PARACUSIA
Type of manuscript : Survey Article
Running title : Survey on Paracusia
Tasleem Abitha S
Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences
Mrs. Jyothi Priya
Department of Physiology
Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences
Mrs. Jyothi Priya
Department of Physiology
Saveetha Dental College
Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences
162, Poonamallee High Road
Chennai = 600077
Tamil Nadu, India.
The aim is to create awareness about paracusia among general population.
When you hear something which is not actually around, it can really throw you aback. Which in medical terms we call it as Paracusia, so called Auditory hallucination. Auditory hallucination is a psychiatric and mental disorder which sets in around the age of 21.1 In other words auditory hallucination is also experienced by the people who don’t have a psychiatric history.2
Auditory hallucinations are of different types, which includes : Musical Ear syndrome and Head syndrome.3
Musical Ear Syndrome : In this the patient hear one (or) more musical songs and tones continuously in his/her mind. This condition can also develop due to lesions in the brain stem, sleep disorders, epileptic activity and encephalitis.4
Head Syndrome : In this the patient hears loud imaginary explosive noises like Gunshot, bomb exploding, etc (or) experiences a explosive feeling when falling asleep (or) waking up.567
Paracusia is commonly experienced by the people who undergoes depression, stress, mental illness and anxiety. Parkinson’s disease (or) Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, psychosis may trigger auditory hallucinations. 8 These causes can also includes terminal illness like:
AIDS, brain cancer, kidney (or) liver failure. Auditory hallucination also leads to Schizophrenia, which is also called Bipolar disorder. 9
An interesting fact about Paracusia is, People who are addicted to caffeine are also said to experience Auditory Hallucination. A study conducted by the La Trobe University School of Psychological Sciences revealed that, Five cups of coffee per day could trigger the phenomenon of Paracusia. 10
It is interesting that people who are born deaf and later go on to develop schizophrenia can also experiences hearing voices.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This was an online survey undertaken by using the link https://surveyplanet.com/
This survey was taken by about 114 participants, who are experiencing Paracusia in there everyday basis.
1. How many voices do you hear ?
More than one
2. Are the voices are identifiable?
3. Do you feel scared ?
4. Tone of the voice ?
5. How often do you hear these voices ?
Once in a week
6. Are you taking any medicines?
7. Do you reply back to the voice?
8. When did you first noticed this ?
9. Do you share this with anyone ?
10. Have you experienced visually anything along with the voice ?
11. Do you think that you have any special ability or power ?
12. Are people paying special attention to you ?
13. Do you wanted to hear the voice again or you wanted to
be free from the voice?
Yes, I enjoy talking to the voice
No, I wanted to get rid of the voice
14. In which situation you hear the voice often?
When I’m alone
When people are around
15. Gender of the voice ?
One hundred and fourteen participants who have experienced Paracusia were examined for the survey. Out of which 77 people experiences auditory hallucination when they are alone rather than with some group of people. And about 32 out of 114 participants experiences it, likely when they are surrounded by some people. From this it is noted that, Paracusia are probably adventured by individuals who undergo
intense stress, sleep deprivation, drug use, and errors in development of proper psychological processes.
According to the survey, People who are contented with there solitude and no fear for there loneliness follow (or) live with this talking voice as there companion without any fright and agitation as there sign of amity.
74 people out of 114 don’t share there Paracusia experiences with anyone. From this it is noted that, Paracusia are majorly undergone by loners who has less number of friends and a poor family circle (or) by people who carry a problem with there self – disclosure.
Loneliness is a social-pain, which is headed to an individual due to there lack of friendship, family, and the physical absence of meaningful people around that person. 11. According to the study, staying alone in every persons life without a partner to share, talk and laugh will automatically lead the individual to undergo an hectic life from where depression leads the person to follow all life-sucking dangerous habits, in which the forceful drugs causes the person to hallucinate Aurally, Visually, and Orally. 12
When we examine the situations how often people do hear talking voices, it is noted that, majority of the participants experiences Paracusia at least once in a week. And next to it, it is noted that many experiences it very rarely and some hear the voices everyday. And frequently people hallucinate in there negative moods connected with depression, anxiety, aggression, poor self-esteem, and physiological stress. 1314
So as a statistical analysis, it is recorded that condition for every individual varies as per there emotional state and state of mind (or) feelings.
There are two divergent events noted in this survey, firstly it is the tone of the voice. Probably when it comes as any ethics related to physiological disorders, they are quite often not accepted by the general population. In it when it came as Paracusia, the rest than people who are undergoing auditory hallucination did not even took efforts to think what is it. Because according to the common people’s perspective, those are dishonest stories and unreal. Though they believe the disorder themselves, they imagine them to be terrific, scary, and fearsome.
So when it is examined about the tone of the voices to the participants, 60% of the individuals selected the tone to be Soft, which is unlike everyone’s imagination. And the rest 40% of the participants selected the voice to be loud.
And the second surprising event noted is, about 62.5% of the people who are hearing the voices are repeatedly listening to the voice which are identifiable by them. Which means that, the voices must be familiar and dear to the participants (or) it may be the voices of there close friends and family whom they miss due to isolation (or) they might be dead. 15
About 64 participants out of 114, are experiencing Auditory hallucination in two different genre as they are scared of the voices and at the same time they also enjoy hearing it. And 26 participants are literally scared of the voices they hear and the other 22 prefer talking to the voices. From this it is noted that, majority are confused with there feeling themselves. Because it might be so new to them, they might felt scary, at the same time it might be new to them. So they wanted to hear the voice back again but they are also fearful as it is completely different from a normal human behaviour.
In this modern world, Prevention and Treatment to be followed for the paracusia are found by n number of Scientists. Yet a permanent cure for this disorder is still a question mark. The primary treatment to be followed for paracusia by the beginners are antipsychotic medications which affect dopamine metabolism. 16
Cognitive-Behavioural therapy are used to reduce the frequency and distressfulness of paracusia. 17 Another source of non-conventional techniques to cope with the voices are provided by the research and findings of the Hearing voice movement. 18 Other cognitive and behavioral therapies have been used with mixed success. 1920
From the survey it is noted that, about 66 people out of 114 wanted to get rid of the voice as they might be scary (or) this may be new to them. And about 43 people enjoy hearing to the talking voices and they don’t wanted to stop hallucinating.
Yet when it comes as real life to the society around, that is not our kind of living to Hallucinate every time and forget the world. And it practically won’t work to stay depressed every time. So the person has to start surrounding himself with trustworthy people and come up taking some preventive methods to stop the person from hallucinating. Apparently there are no permanent cure for this disorder, but proceeding with steps to prevent auditory hallucination are one of the main tool for a happier living. 21
People who live in there own world of sorrows and depression often forget the real world, and fascinate things happening around as real or illusion. They get isolated themselves, they’ll start feeling more secured in there solitude, they will off the real world literally and start living on there own imaginations. In it majorly though they experience hallucination also, comparing to the bogus and fake smiles around, they might fell the voices to be more safe and may make the individuals happier by accompanying it.
Yet when it comes as real life to the society around, that is not our kind of living to Hallucinate every time and forget the world. And it practically won’t work to stay depressed every time.
Hence, the person who consume drinks should follow this ‘less drugs (or) no alcohol’ method to minimise there hallucination. And for a normal person, less stress, healthier lifestyle, good friends around and self control can make them forget auditory hallucination is nothing but just a disease.
^ Yuhas, Daisy. “Throughout History, Defining Schizophrenia Has Remained A challenge”. Scientific American Mind (March 2013). Retrieved 2 March 2013.
^ Thompson, Andrea (September 15, 2006). “Hearing Voices: Some People Like It”. LiveScience.com. Archived from the original on 2 November 2006. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
^ Rare Hallucinations Make Music In The Mind”. ScienceDaily.com. August 9, 2000. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-31
^ “Rare Hallucinations Make Music In The Mind”. ScienceDaily.com. August 9, 2000. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-31.
^ 1 Sharpless, Brian A. (December 2014). “Exploding head syndrome”. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 18 (6): 489–493. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2014.03.001. PMID 24703829.
^ a b c Frese, A.; Summ, O.; Evers, S. (6 June 2014). “Exploding head syndrome: Six new cases and review of the literature”. Cephalalgia. 34 (10): 823–827. doi:10.1177/0333102414536059. PMID 24907167.
^ a b c “Exploding Head Syndrome – American Sleep Association”. www.sleepassociation.org. Retrieved 2015-11-28.
^ WILSON, R.; GILLEY, D.; BENNETT, D; BECKETT, L.; EVANS, D. (2000). “Hallucinations, delusions, and cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease”. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery. 69 (2): 172–177. doi:10.1136/jnnp.69.2.172. PMC 1737043?
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^ Too Much Coffee Can Make You Hear Things That Are Not There”. Retrieved 2 July 2016
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