A fruits and vegetables Reduce eating oily food

A disease which occurs due to abnormal increase in body’s glucose level (sugar level) caused by the loss of body’s ability to secrete or respond to insulinHormone that controls the body glucose levelFigure 1: Risk of suffering from Diabetes MellitusType 1 Diabetes Mellitus Little or no insulin productionType 2 Diabetes MellitusNo response to insulinType 2 Diabetes is explained since it is the most common form of diabetes The flow chart below shows how type 2 diabetes occurs:Low physical activity and high intake of fatty foodObesityLess insulin secreted compared to glucose intakeCells stop responding to insulinType 2 Diabetes Always thirstyAlways hungryFrequent urinationSlow wound healing Weight lossFigure 2: Signs and symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus3Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Diabetes MellitusHigh blood pressureHigh cholesterol levelOverweightThere are two types of complications:MicrovascularDiseases of small blood vesselsEye damageKidney damageNerve damageMacrovascularDiseases of large blood vesselsRisk of strokeRisk of heart attackPoor blood flow to body partFigure 3: Long term complications of Diabetes MellitusType 1 diabetes cannot be prevented Only Type 2 diabetes can be preventedHave a balanced dietEat more fruits and vegetablesReduce eating oily foodExercise regularlyTry to exercise for at least 30 minutes a dayManage your weightMaintain your weight in the healthy rangeIf you are overweight, attempt to reduce weight by improving your lifestyleFigure 4: Diabetes Mellitus is preventable

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