A study on positive relationship between age and entrepreneurship intextile industries of JapanResearchers are increasinglyinterested that entrepreneurship as a means to remove youth unemployment and toimprove financial stability at higher ages. However, only few studies so farhave examined the association between age and entrepreneurial activity.Previous research explained the general negative impact of age onentrepreneurship, but no research has been done on positive impact of age overentrepreneurship activities using cross-sectional study. We can develop and test our model in agebetween (20 to 80) and our objective is to test, that with passage of timeperceived opportunities and skills of an entrepreneur increased which in turnincrease entrepreneurship activities in the textile industry. Here perceivedopportunities, and skills, play as a mediating role between age andentrepreneurship activities.
This ultimately could help to reduce unemployment,and improve financial stability in that sector. Research backgroundWhat isentrepreneurship? Basically entrepreneurship is describes as the discovery,evaluation and exploitation of new opportunities, new sources to create newideas and products (Shane and Venkataraman, 2000). In generally, some previous studies suggestedthe negative impact of age our entrepreneurship as referred by (levesque and minniti, 2006). Moreover, this negative relationshipis still underlying and under discussion due to age related characteristics.Here we will contributeto this literature using lifespan perspective theory, to investigate thepositive impact of age over entrepreneurship activities in textile industriesusing perceived opportunities and perceived skills as mediating variables; andour population is limited to textile industries, in Japan.(Baltesin 1987) says that, actually development is process of gaining and loosing inpsychological characteristics, in life. As we know some abilities decline withpassage of age e.
g. physical strength and some abilities, increase (e.g.knowledge, intelligence, and skills). Moreover, at higher ages people accumulate human capital whichcompensate for decline in physical strength.
(Gist in1987) says that, perception of having some skills associate with self efficacywhich further develop a belief of capable doing tasks successfully. Further,individual’s assessment on the own resources and opportunity also builds selfefficacy (Aizen.1987 and Gist and Mitchell,1992). This self efficacy develops a beliefof goal attainment which in turn play rule to increase of intentions and actionsto reach that goal referred as (Boyed andvozikis, 1994). Desire to be excellent entrepreneur is based onentrepreneurship self-efficacy (Zhao et al., 2005).So, this self efficacy develop if you have skills, and perceived opportunities,Research questionHow the age positivelyrelate with entrepreneurship activities? Or How the entrepreneurship activities increase the perceived opportunitiesand perceived skills with passage of age? Definition of key conceptEntrepreneurial activity increases perceived opportunities (i.e.
because people are in the entrepreneurial mindset once they are engaged in entrepreneurship and therefore constantly perceived new opportunities) and perceived skills (i.e. because handling of business and performing the repeated tasks over long time efficacy perceptions). As with age intelligence and leadership abilities increase according to theories of leadership development literature and lifespan psychology literature and entrepreneurship ObjectiveIn this research ourobjective is to test that, with age, skills and perceived opportunities ofentrepreneur increase which in turn give positive impact on entrepreneurshipactivities ( as we know if entrepreneurship activities increases it wouldincrease business ,or expansion of business which further would help to reducethe unemployment in society and improve the financial stability) MethodologyFirst of all we willdevelop a representative sample of entrepreneur ages between (20 to 80) who areinvolved in textile business for less than 10 years (x<10), another, testmodel in which entrepreneurs are involved In textile business, (10
After our analysis wewill compare the result of 3 tests model.Data: My first preference isto collect data through personal visits and with the help company’scoordination including small and medium enterprises to larger for researchpurpose we can collect primary data, to test our model; otherwise we can alsouse data of AGM, Global entrepreneurship monitor which is most recentpublically available data, which reflect development in entrepreneurship, in allindustries including textile, with more than 100 plus countries including Japan. Expected results After analysis expectedresult could be, number of entrepreneurs who are in textile business for lessthan 10 years could have less, entrepreneurship activities, as skills andperceived opportunities are less as compared to the test model of, age (10