A multi-story
building from the perspective of a structural engineer is described as a
solitary structure by the ethic of its height, is afflicted in such a manner by
the forces of wind or earthquake, to a degree that they impersonate its
skeletal design. Most customary block facade construction comprises of a load-bearing
walls of either wooden or steel studs, or solid stone work units with brick
units as finished walls. One can say that the bricks are functioning as a
little more than 4″ of paint. In a basic brick framework, the brick
fills in as both a structural system and exterior finishing face. Utilizing
bricks in both the building’s exterior and internal structure takes advantage
not only of its masonry strength, but also, in the building’s engaging appearance
and other inborn esteems. Bricks, are primitive elements in the construction of
the edifice, which encompass clay-bearing soil, sand, lime or concrete
materials, although they can differ in innumerable classes, sizes, compositions
and properties. However, the three most prominent properties that a brick
should suffice are – strength, absorption and weather resistance. If these
factors are satisfied, bricks make quite a durable material for masonry

bricks employed in this project is of cellular light weight concrete blocks
(CLC blocks). Cellular lightweight concrete blocks are then catalogued in 3
grades such as Grade A, Grade B, Grade C. The comparison between the cellular
light weight concrete blocks and the conventional red bricks is based on the analysis
of a residential building. The density of cellular light weight concrete blocks
are comparatively lower than the conventional burnt clay bricks and even they
are absorptive, nontoxic, reusable, regenerative and can be recycled. Hence in
high rise residential buildings, cellular lightweight concrete blocks are used as
a reinstatement to the conventional burnt clay bricks. Considering how
lightweight these blocks are, there is a decrease on dead load which acts on
the structure, making it lighter to a large extent. The structure being
tenuous, there will be a cutback in the reinforcement, reduction in the size of
the member, decrement in the concrete and also by using these blocks the use of
coarse sand for plastering purpose becomes counterproductive. All these factors
combined together will produce a competent and cost-effective structure.


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