5. laws at the federal and state

 5.SOCIO-CULTURALCULTURALDEMOGRAPHY: Germany’s estimated total population isapproximately 82 million – making it the most populous country in the EuropeanUnion and in Western Europe, more generally. Most of the population is ethnicGerman? the primary language is also German. Near the border with Denmark, inthe north, an ethnic Danish minority is resident. Resident ethnic groupsinclude Spanish, Greeks, Italians, Russian, and Poles.In terms of religious affiliation,approximately 38 percent of Germans are Protestant? about 34 percent are RomanCatholic. About two percent of the population is Muslim.

The remaining 26percent of the population are either unaffiliated with a specific religion orthey belong to other unspecified religions.HUMANDEVELOPMENT: Germany is a wealthy country with asophisticated socio-economic infrastructure and a high quality of life.According to year recent estimates, Germans have an average life expectancy atbirth of 77.5 years of age (74 years for males, 81 years for females). Theinfant mortality rate is 4.

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65 deaths per 1,000 live births. The population hasan estimated average literacy rate of 99 percent.GERMANY:CULTURE AND ARTS ·        ART:-  since the 1990s — a new brand of Germanart, manifest in painting and photography has been enjoying internationalsuccess. Known as “Young German Artists,” the main players are centered inLeipzig, Berlin and Dresden ·        MUSIC:Today, Germany is one of the world’sbiggest music markets. It has also been the home of contemporary musicians suchas Scorpions, Rammstein, Nena, Dieter Bohlen, Tangerine Dream, KarlheinzStockhausen and Kraftwerk.

Industrial music and electronic music have bothfound their homes in Germany. In fact, Germany hosts many massive rock musicfestivals annually including the “Rock am Ring” festival.  ·        LITERATURE: German literature has a lengthy legacy thatreaches back to the Middle Ages. Notable authors include Walther von derVogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach. The Nibelungenlied, whose author remainsunknown, is also an important work, as is the Thidrekssaga. In the 19thcentury, fairy tales collections collected and published by Jacob and WilhelmGrimm came to the fore and now have been translated across the world.

Germany, 2017. Social Overview retrievedfromhttp://countrywatch.com.eztest.ocls.

ca/Content/pdfs/reviews/B3959643.01c.pdf 7.ENVIRONMENTAL LEGALREQUIREMENTSThe environmental laws at the federal andstate level are generally implemented by the Länder. The highest nationalauthority for environmental matters is the Federal Ministry for theEnvironment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. The 16 Länder also havetheir own environment ministries.

o  FederalMinistry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safetyo  Environment ministries of the LänderThe Federal Ministry for the Environmentcollates all Acts and Regulations within its area of competence. This is brokendown into the following fields:o  General environmental protection o  Waste managemento  Laws on chemicalso  Renewable energy/climate protectiono  Water conservancyo  Emission protectiono  Nuclear safety/radiological protectiono  Nature and landscape conservation LAW ORREGULATIONS RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION1.     Waste managementThe aim of the ‘Act to promote closedcycle waste management and environmentally sustainable waste disposal’ (ClosedCycle Waste Management and Disposal Act) and the subordinate regulations basedon it is to encourage the avoidance and recycling of waste and to promote itsenvironmentally sustainable disposal.2.

     ChemicalsThere are various law and Act related tothe use of chemicals. Such as;·        ChemicalsAct (Act on protection against hazardous substances)·        ChemicalsProhibition Regulation·        Hazardous Substances Regulation·        ChemicalsPenalty Regulation·        Biocides Licensing Regulation·        Biocides Notification Regulation·        Washing and Cleaning Agents Act·        Regulationon Maximum Permissible Phosphate Levels·        ChemicalsOzone Layer Regulation.·        ChemicalsClimate Protection Regulation3.     WaterBusiness must comply with various Actsand Regulations in relation to water conservancy.

Bodies of water (inlandlakes, coastal waters and groundwater) are managed by the State. Any use ofwater – with a few exceptions – therefore requires an official permit or approval.Provisions applicable throughout Germanycan be found in the following Acts:·        WaterManagement Act – WHG·        WasteWater Levy Act – AbwAG·        WasteWater Regulation – AbwV·        GroundwaterRegulation – GrwV·        Regulationon long-distance pipelines – RohrFltgV4.     Climate and airIn Germany, the European emissionstrading system is mainly implemented by the Greenhouse Gas Emissions TradingAct (TEHG).For the 2008-2012 allocation period, thetotal number of permits to be issued by Germany, and the rules for allocatingthem, are set out in the Allocation Act 2012.5.

     Noise protectionIn Germany, the requirements for noiseprotection from industrial facilities are set out in the Federal EmissionControl Act (BImSchG). The requirements of the BImSchG are intended tosafeguard the area around industrial facilities from significant annoyancecaused by noise emissions.·        FederalEmission Control Act6.     Nuclear safetyThe fundamental rules on nuclear safety,radiation protection and the procurement and disposal of radioactive materialsare laid down in the ‘Act on the peaceful use of atomic energy and protectionagainst the associated hazards’ (Atomic Energy Act) of 23 December 1959.·        AtomicEnergy Act·        RadiationProtection Regulation Ina Dimireva,February 28, 2012.

Doingbusiness in Germany: Environmental rules retrieved fromhttp://www.eubusiness.com/europe/germany/environmental-rules/  


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