5. Diet and NutritionA general view of an Indian diet would include rice, wheat, legumes, peas, lentils, yogurt, butter, and seasonings that are used in masalas and curries. There is a huge difference in diet when comparing the North to the South. Southern food include rice, coffee, fresh pickles, chutney, yogurt, coconut milk, and fresh fruit/veggies. The south is also known for fried, salty foods, and sweets. Northern food is based on wheat.
It is used to make bread called roti, naan, chapati, puri, and many more. Other staples in their diet are tea, eggs, garlic, yogurt, dried/pickled fruits and vegetables, and a use of dry spice blends. The north is responsible for creating a special method of cooking called tandoori cooking.http://adoptionnutrition.
org/nutrition-by-country/india/ I don’t think the overall diet is healthy because it comprises mostly of carbs, high sodium, and fatty foods that are highly unhealthy.A majority of the Indian population is vegetarian. About 45% of the population didn’t meet the WHO recommendation for protein needed and more than half (57.1%) exceeded the limit of salt intake. 99 percent of the population did not meet the WHO recommendation for fruits and vegetableshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.
nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5116883/.Eating patterns in the United States doesn’t match with their dietary guidelines.
Only one fourth of the whole nation matches the guidelines, and the other ¾ths diet is low on fruits, dairy, and oil. Although, more than half the population is meeting protein requirements, they aren’t eating other subgroups of these food groups. Which does not match the recommendation. In the US, more than half of the population is exceeding the protein recommendationhttps://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/chapter-2/current-eating-patterns-in-the-united-states/ whereas in India they do not consume enough from the protein group.
Both Indians and Americans consume food high in sugars, saturated fats and sodium. This means both Indians and Americans are vulnerable to hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.Sources for Diet and Nutrition:http://adoptionnutrition.org/nutrition-by-country/india/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5116883/https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/chapter-2/current-eating-patterns-in-the-united-states/