???????? ????? ????? ??? ????????? ???? ???????????? ??????????, ??

????????

? ??????? ????????????? ??? ?????????
??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ????? ? ???????? ??? ??? 15? ??? ??? 16?
?????. ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???????
?????? ???? ????????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???
????????? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????. ????? ??? ???????? ????????
? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????, 
??? ?????????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????????? ???? ????????????
??????????, ?? ?????? ??? ????????, ?????????, ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????.
?? ?????????, ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???????????? ???????, ???????????? ???
????????????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????. ? ??????? ??????????? ???
???????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????, ???? ??????? ??????? ????
????????, ??? ??????????, ??? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ????????????. ??????
??????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??? ? ????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ???
??????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????????.

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?????????

??? ??? 11? ??? ??????, ?
???????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????
????????????? (???????, 2001:78). ??? ???? ??? 13?? ? ????????? ????
?????? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????. ? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???
14?? ????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????, ??
?????????? ??????????? ?????. ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ??????????
????????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ? ???????? ??????????. ?? ??? 15?
? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??????
??? ?? ???????. ? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? (?????????,
1999:65 & 85).

«????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????:
????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????????????, ??? ????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????
??? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????
??????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????» (Reble, 1990:86). ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????? ???????????
?? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ????????. ?? ???
?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????, ??? ?????????? ????????
??? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? 16??
?????, ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ??????????????
?? ????????????? (???????, 2001:46).

??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ???
????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??
?? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????, ?????? ??? ????(Nicholas, 2000:500.) ?? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????
?? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????????
???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? (Reble, 1990:97). ???? ??? ????-??????????
??????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????. ??
??? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????????
?????????? ?????? ????? ??? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????
(???????, 2001:69-70)

 

??????????

? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????, ?? ????? ???????????
??? 15? ?? 16? ?????. ????????? ??????? ??? ???????
??????????, ???? ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ??????, ???? ? ???????? ???
????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ????????? ??????, ??? ?? ??? 16?
????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????. ? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????
???????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
?????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? (Burns,
1983: 72-73)

???? ??? ??????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????
???????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????????. ? ???????
??? ????????? ??? ? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ? homo universalis ???? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ????????, ???
?????? ??? ??? ???????? (??????,1999:111). ?? ???
???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????????. ?? ?????????
???????, ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????, ?????????? ???????, ??? ????????
?? ??????? ? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ?????? (?????????, 1999:126). ???
?? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????
???????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????????, ????????,
??????????, ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????????.
????????????? ???? ? ???? ??? ????????? ?????????, ? ?????  ????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??????????? ???
??????? ??? ?????? (???????, 2001:70). ????????? ? ???????????? ????? ???
??????????? ???? ?????????. ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????????,
???? ? ?????? ??? ??  ????? ?????? ??? ????????
????. ? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???? ??? ???????
??? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??
?????? ??? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???
??????????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? (Power, 2001:273-274). ?? ???? ?????????????
??????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???
????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????????
??? ?? ???????? (??????, 1999:138).

? ????????? ???? ???? ???????, ??? ????????, ???
15? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????
? ???????? ?????????????? ??? ????? ???. ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????????
??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????. ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???
???????? ??? ???, ? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????. ? ?????????? ????????
????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????????, ?????? ?? ????? ???????????? ??
??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ???????????. ??? ???? ?? ?????? ? ???????
???? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????. ? ???????????
??? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????????? ?????? ????? ??? ? ???????????? ??? ?????????????
??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????????????, ??????? ????????? ??? ??????(???????,2001:70). 

????????

? ??????? ????????????? ??? ?????????
??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ????? ? ???????? ??? ??? 15? ??? ??? 16?
?????. ???????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???????
?????? ???? ????????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???
????????? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????. ????? ??? ???????? ????????
? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????, 
??? ?????????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????????? ???? ????????????
??????????, ?? ?????? ??? ????????, ?????????, ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????.
?? ?????????, ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???????????? ???????, ???????????? ???
????????????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????. ? ??????? ??????????? ???
???????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ????????, ???? ??????? ??????? ????
????????, ??? ??????????, ??? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ????????????. ??????
??????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??? ? ????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ???
??????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????????.

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?????????

??? ??? 11? ??? ??????, ?
???????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????
????????????? (???????, 2001:78). ??? ???? ??? 13?? ? ????????? ????
?????? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????. ? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???
14?? ????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????, ??
?????????? ??????????? ?????. ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ??????????
????????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ? ???????? ??????????. ?? ??? 15?
? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ??????
??? ?? ???????. ? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????????????? (?????????,
1999:65 & 85).

«????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????:
????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????????????, ??? ????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????
??? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????
??????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????» (Reble, 1990:86). ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????? ???????????
?? ??????? ??? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ????????. ?? ???
?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????, ??? ?????????? ????????
??? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? 16??
?????, ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ??????????????
?? ????????????? (???????, 2001:46).

??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ???
????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??
?? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????????, ?????? ??? ????(Nicholas, 2000:500.) ?? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????
?? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????????
???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? (Reble, 1990:97). ???? ??? ????-??????????
??????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????. ??
??? ??? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????????
?????????? ?????? ????? ??? ? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????
(???????, 2001:69-70)

 

??????????

? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????, ?? ????? ???????????
??? 15? ?? 16? ?????. ????????? ??????? ??? ???????
??????????, ???? ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ??????, ???? ? ???????? ???
????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ????????? ??????, ??? ?? ??? 16?
????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????. ? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????
???????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??? ??????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
?????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? (Burns,
1983: 72-73)

???? ??? ??????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????
???????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????????. ? ???????
??? ????????? ??? ? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????. ? homo universalis ???? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ????????, ???
?????? ??? ??? ???????? (??????,1999:111). ?? ???
???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????? ????????????. ?? ?????????
???????, ??????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????????, ?????????? ???????, ??? ????????
?? ??????? ? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????????????? ?????? (?????????, 1999:126). ???
?? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????
???????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????????, ????????,
??????????, ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????????.
????????????? ???? ? ???? ??? ????????? ?????????, ? ?????  ????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??????????? ???
??????? ??? ?????? (???????, 2001:70). ????????? ? ???????????? ????? ???
??????????? ???? ?????????. ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????????,
???? ? ?????? ??? ??  ????? ?????? ??? ????????
????. ? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???? ??? ???????
??? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????????? ??
?????? ??? ?? ??????????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???
??????????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? (Power, 2001:273-274). ?? ???? ?????????????
??????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???
????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????????
??? ?? ???????? (??????, 1999:138).

? ????????? ???? ???? ???????, ??? ????????, ???
15? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????
? ???????? ?????????????? ??? ????? ???. ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??????????
??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????. ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???
???????? ??? ???, ? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????. ? ?????????? ????????
????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????????, ?????? ?? ????? ???????????? ??
??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ???????????. ??? ???? ?? ?????? ? ???????
???? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????. ? ???????????
??? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????????? ?????? ????? ??? ? ???????????? ??? ?????????????
??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????????????, ??????? ????????? ??? ??????(???????,2001:70). 

In the book Disaster Movies by
Glenn Kay says “Over the last few decades’
disaster films have come to rely more on high tech visual effects and contrived
moralizing than on the classic combination of old school optical and miniature
effects, old fashioned storytelling, unapologetic violence. This a genre where
lack of subtlety and an exploitive nature are almost required elements.” (Rose,
M, 2005) Today’s disaster movies have evolved the genre with new set of rules
and subgenres and to make the film more realistic and to get as close to the
real incident as possible Filmmakers are experimenting with the craft. People
are obsessed with disasters as they are the content of great drama that
involves conflicts and horrible tragedy that are ideally present in all successful
fiction dramas and non-fiction possess. The disasters films resort way for
audience to cope with real life terror situations, feel moved or privileged
enough to not experience it and feel simply alive.

In the book Disaster Movies by
Glenn Kay says “Over the last few decades’
disaster films have come to rely more on high tech visual effects and contrived
moralizing than on the classic combination of old school optical and miniature
effects, old fashioned storytelling, unapologetic violence. This a genre where
lack of subtlety and an exploitive nature are almost required elements.” (Rose,
M, 2005) Today’s disaster movies have evolved the genre with new set of rules
and subgenres and to make the film more realistic and to get as close to the
real incident as possible Filmmakers are experimenting with the craft. People
are obsessed with disasters as they are the content of great drama that
involves conflicts and horrible tragedy that are ideally present in all successful
fiction dramas and non-fiction possess. The disasters films resort way for
audience to cope with real life terror situations, feel moved or privileged
enough to not experience it and feel simply alive.

x

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