[1] War to Be Won: Fighting the Second

1 Williamson Murrayand Allan R. Millet, A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second World War (Cambridge,Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2000), 262. 2 2012. Tony Howard’s Blog . July 27.http://tonyhowardsblog.blogspot.

com/2012/07/1942-year-of-decision-for-third-reich.html. 3 Ibid 4 n.d. United States History. Accessed January 25,2018. www.

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u-s-history.com/pages/h1761.html. 5 Ibid 6 Ibid 7 Hone, Tom. 2013. War on the Rocks.

September12. Accessed January 26, 2018.https://warontherocks.com/2013/09/the-importance-of-the-battle-of-midway/. 8 Ibid 9 Williamson Murrayand Allan R. Millet, A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second World War (Cambridge,Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2000Yamamoto knew that the American’s wouldn’t tolerate anattack anywhere close to Peral Harbor.

His plan was to lure the debilitated PacificFleet out into the open where his mighty force could crush them.8 However the Battle ofMidway ended in Japanese defeat thus ending the march of the Imperial Navyacross the Pacific. From here on out the Japanese would be on the defensive.

Asa result of the loss at Midway, Yamamoto looked for every opportunity to drawthe Pacific Fleet into the range of his aircraft and battleship guns. The lossalso fast-tracked plans for a strategic defense along the frontier of the 1942conquests.9The Battle of Midway was a turning point in thePacific War. The Imperial Navy of Japan had defeated all of its enemies fromthe Pacific and Indian oceans and at the Battle of the Coral Sea, they had wona tactical victory.7Their carrier striking force was the strongest in the Pacific, and the Japanesefleet commander Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto hoped to use it to demolish what wasleft of the U.

S. Navy’s Pacific Fleet. 3. FULL ESSAY (40 points) Explain the Japanesestrategy for holding their gains in the Pacific after the Battle of Midway.Could it have been planned more successfully? Another reason why the operation startedoff on a good note was the fact that Germany had far superior tanks, planes andmore battle-hardened troops than that of the Soviet Union.

5 The Sovietofficer corps had also been stripped of its most senior and experienced commandersand replaced by political allies rather than people with military experience. Despitethe Red Army out numbering the Germans in total man power they suffered from incompetentofficers, poor equipment and horrible training.6 But eventuallyOperation Barbarossa failed due to the harsh Russian winter, and the Sovietscall to “protect the motherland” which drove many citizens towards the nation’sdefense in spite of their hatred for the government.The Hitler-Stalin Pact, or Nazi-Sovietpact, was a non-aggression agreement between the Soviet Union and the ThirdReich that lasted from August 23, 1939 until June 22, 1941 whenOperation Barbarossa began. Against the advice of his Generals, Adolf Hitlerdeveloped and ordered the attack against the Soviet Union. Because of the Nazi invasionof Poland in 1939 Great Britain came to the aid of their ally and Hitler hopeda speedy victory against the Red Army would persuade Britain to accept peaceterms.

4One of the reasons why the Operation was initially such a success was thatdespite having about 2.5 million German soldiers and a vast amount of suppliesat his border, Joseph Stalin didn’t think that the Germans would attack so soonafter signing their truce.2.

FULL ESSAY (40 points) Explain how, in spite of the odds against them,the German military was able to initially succeed with Operation Barbarossa.   In 1941 Germany attempted to invade Russia in OperationBarbarossa but it ended in failure. Barbarossa’s terrible losses had worn outthe Wehrmacht’s superiority. The big question in 1942 was whether or not theReich could gather together sufficient military forces to finish the war.1 Hitler found himself in1942 caught in a to front war on, with enemies on Germany’s eastern and westernfronts.

The Germans found themselves still fighting the Soviet Union and at thesame time they had to defend Axis possessions in North Africa against theBritish.2 With the British and Italiansfighting in Egypt and Libya, Germany’s control of the Mediterranean and herlines of supply were threatened. Hitler had no other choice but to deploy anentire corps to restore a quickly degrading situation on the continent ofAfrica.3 Over the remainder of 1942Hitler made countless decisions, many of which ended up being catastrophic forthe Third Reich. 1.FULL ESSAY (20 points) Explain why 1942 was ayear of decision for Germany.


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