In the longterm, the IN would want to extend its strategic gape to cover the South ChinaSea, the Pacific, the Red Sea and maybe beyond in an attempt to become the soleregional policeman. At this stage, the significance of the backing of externalpowers would lessen as India itself would consider itself talented enough ofnot only managing its own schedule and objectives but also providing thenecessary support required in the region. This however would depend on howrapidly India is able to develop its local military industrial infrastructurethat would eventually weaken its need on external sources for hardwaresupplies.2.
The Indian Navy is endeavoring to project powerthrough “Reach, Multiplied by sustainability” across its Legitimate areas ofinterests. Modernization/Indigenization: Building Indian sea power through asustained program of naval expansion is a precondition for a global role. TheIN has realized that great fleets need to be built and not bought. To progressas a truly sea faring nation it must have the internal capability to match itsmaritime dreams and ambitions. While considerableassets and technology are being acquired from other countries, the primaryemphasis remains on developing indigenous capability. As many as 37 ships are under constructionin Indian shipyards.3.
The Indian Navy has deliberately taken thedifficult route of indigenization in consonance with the national attempttowards self-sufficiency. The Navy boarded on a program for indigenousconstruction of ships and development of major sub systems, sensors and weaponsystems with the help of the Defense Research and Development Organization(DRDO) and the Defense Public Sector Understandings (PSUs). The present rate ofconstruction is stressed at around 1-6 ships per year. To meet the target by 2020 the rate of shipbuilding needs to accelerate to 5-6 ships per year.
Self-reliance throughindigenization has been the Navy’s administrative viewpoint over the last halfcentury.4. The Budget distribution for the Indian Navy hasbeen around 16% of the overall military budget which has now been increased to18%.5. The agreement for the generation of the Russianvessel Gorshkov has finally been given. The Russian Gorshkov has now been launchedas the Indian Navy Ship (INS) Vikramaditya. Plans are now being made for inauguratinga third carrier.
With the arrival of the third carrier it would become mucheasier to carry out routine maintenance of the carriers which, in turn, improvesthe life of the carriers. The first carrier was neutralized only because therewas no replacement for it and it was being over used with insufficient preservation.The upgrading plan for the Indian Navy requires three carriers; a goal whichthey plan to attain by 2020.6. The following procurements/weaponries of theIndian Army, navy and Air force demand special attention. a.
T-90Bishma. All in all, India aspires to have 320T-90S and 1,340 T-90M tanks in service by 2020 (total of 1,660 tanks with upgradation of night visions by 2020). Man-made locally in India,Rs12, 000-crore purchase of 350 new T-90MS tanks for six tank regimentsfor the China border has been permitted. This takes total no. of T-90tanks to 2010. In an effort to improvenight-fighting capacity, 1500 night vision devicesfor drivers are to be acquired. They are based on uncooled thermal imaging technology developedby Indians Defence research and development organization.
b. M777 howitzer: With a weight of 4.2 tons, the M777 is 43% lighter than the 7.1 ton M198howitzer that it interchanges. Much of theweight decrease is due to the increased use of titanium. The M777 has multipletransportation options. It can betransported by helicopter or towed by air-braked vehicles weighing over 2.5 tonessuch as the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles and Medium Tactical VehicleReplacements.
The minimum gun crew required is five as opposed to a previousnine. c. F-INSAS:F-INSAS is India’s sequencer to formulate its infantry with state-of- the-art equipment.The acronym F-INSAS stands for Future Infantry Soldier As a System.
The new packagewill have two aspects: one to arm the future infantrysoldier with the best obtainable assault rifle, carbines and personalequipment, such as helmets and bulletproof jackets. The second constituent is theBattlefield Management Systems (BMS).The program got its inspiration and ismodelled on the US military Future Warrior system. d. Sukhoi Su-30 MKI: The Sukhoi Su-30MKI (NATO recording name: Flanker-H1) is a twin jet multirole airsuperiority fighter developedby Russia’s Sukhoi and built under authorization by India’s HindustanAeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force . A variant of the Sukhoi Su-30, it is a heavyweight,all-weather, long-range fighter.
The aircraft is tailor-made for Indian stipulationsand assimilates Indian systems and avionics as well as French andIsraeli sub-systems. It has skills similar to the Sukhoi Su- 35 with which itshares many structures and mechanisms. e. Rafale. On 22 September 2016,Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikart and hisFrench counter-part Jean Yvees Leh Dhrian signed the bond for the acquisitionof 36 off-the-shelf Rafales in a deal worth €7.9 billion with anoption for 20 more at the same inflation-adjusted price.
The first Rafales areexpected to be distributed by 2019, and India is set to have all 36 jets within six years. Thedeal comprises weapons and spares; the aircraft will be equippedwith Meteor beyond visual range air to air missiles. India is keeping in mindordering 36 more aircraft as of September 2017 due to increased tensions withChina.
f. PinakaMBRL: 224 mm multiple rocket launch system. It isset out to swap the 124 mmBM-22. The Pinaka MBRL is being produced at a hefty rate of 6000 missiles per annum. g.
IBMDP (Indian Ballistic MissileDefence Program): Thisis an indigenous programwhich aims to establish a missile defense shield to interject aballistic projectile. The first stage of the program has finished its testing stage,with the shield set to be mounted in two Indian cities. In its present state,the missile shield can supposedly shoot down a ballistic missile from1,500km away. h. S-400 Triumph: It is a state of the art mobilesurface-to-air missile system. India’sCabinet Committee on Security (CCS) approved the deal, and the IGAformally signed it.
The Order includes supplies and equipment sufficient toerect 6 battalions, consisting of TransporterErector Launchers, missiles and fire control radar. Deliveries areexpected in 2021.