1Tennyson, Alfred. “The Works of Alfred Lord Tennyson.” Mariana. Wordsworth Editions; New edition edition (5 July 1994) Tennysonopens the poem with the use of negative imagery to foreshadow the events withinthe poem. He describes the flower-pots to be filled with the ‘blackest moss’ (Mariana,1.1), a dark imagery whichsymbolises death and loneliness, contrasting with stereotypical flowers whichsignify spring and happiness. Furthermore, the decay of the flower pot couldresemble the decay of Mariana’s mind, whereby the decay of the surroundingenvironment likens to the decay of her psychological mind. Mariana’s firstspoken line with the poem states ‘My life is dreary, he cometh not'(Mariana,1.
11), her psychological tormentappears to be due to a male lover not turning up. Tennyson shows Mariana tocomplain with the repetition of ‘I am aweary, I am aweary'(Mariana,11), and ‘I would that I were dead!’ (Mariana,1.12), highlighting the psychological and physical effectsshe is experiencing by being fatigued, furthermore, by wishing to be dead,Mariana demonstrates her entrapment within her thoughts and mind and wishes itwould all cease. Tennyson demonstrates how her mind and thoughts are theimpingement on her freedom, as they are disallowing her to think properly, thusMariana cannot experience the freedom of thought and happiness in life. Thefurther repetition of ‘I would that i were dead!’ (Mariana,1.
12) demonstrates how Mariana is locked within her thoughts,and through constant repetition, Tennyson wants readers to be feel trapped inMariana’s thoughts. Through Mariana’s torment, she lacks freedom from herthoughts, which encompass her mind throughout the poem and consequently Marianastruggles to achieve freedom of the mind.Tennyson’s’Mariana’ 1again focuses on isolationand loneliness, whereby the poem discusses the emotions experienced by a womanwaiting for her beloved; who doesn’t turn up and, so she desires to die. Through’Mariana’, Tennyson highlights how psychological impingement results inlimitation of her freedom, whereby she is locked within her mind and herthoughts, unable to escape.
Secondly, her obsession with her lover is alsoimpingement by limiting her enjoyment of life and freedom, consequently wantingto die.