The four major parenting styles are Authoritative, Neglectful, Authoritarian, and Permissive. For starters, Authoritative parenting is regarded in today’s society as being the most effective and beneficial for most children. Authoritative parents are classified as having high expectations for their children. In addition Authoritative parents also have understanding and are supportive of their children.
As a result of the combination of support and understanding, this type of parenting helps create a productive relationship between the parent and the child. The next type of parenting style is Neglectful. Neglectful parenting is considered one of the most harmful parenting styles.
To add to that Neglectful parents raley resort to neglectful parenting as a result of the child’s behavior. Furthermore, Neglectful parenting is damaging to children because they don’t have a foundation of trust and often children with neglective parents often have a harder time forming relationships with other people. The next parenting style is permissive, or indulgent parenting. Permissive parents are responsive but not demanding.
As a result, these parents tend to avoid confrontation and tend to be more relaxed. On a positive note, these parents tend to be nurturing and loving. However, the negatives to this parenting style tend to outweigh the positives. For starters, the lack of structure tends to cause children to grow up with little self control and self discipline. To add to that, not many rules are made with permissive parenting style and when they are made they are often inconsistent. Nevertheless, some parents use this parenting style because they are afraid to upset their kids, or they resent the authoritarian approach.
The last parenting method is the Authoritarian, or strict parenting. Authoritarian parents are characterized by being demanding but not responsive. To add to that. Authoritarian parents allow very little open dialogue between the parent and child.
In addition, Authoritarian parents have strict set of rules and expectations. Nevertheless, they demand obediences and they rely on fear and punishment to teach a lesson. Furthermore, children of authoritarian parents often have low self esteem and have difficulty in social situations.
2.3. A psychological disorder or mental disorder, is defined as a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas and create distress for the the person experiencing these symptoms. To add to that, every year about 42.5 million Americans suffer from some type of mental illness.
That’s approximately 18.2 percent of the total population in the United States. According to the world health organization, an estimated 300 million people around the world are affected by depression. To add to that 60 million people worldwide have bipolar affective disorder. Nevertheless, 21 million people worldwide have schizophrenia and 47.5 million people worldwide have dementia. Those are astonishing number when you take into consideration there is more people around the world suffer from a mental disorder than the total population of the United States. 4.
Anxiety is a defined as a general term for several disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension and worrying. In addition. Anxiety affects how individuals feel and behave, and as a result can cause physical symptoms. Some of those physical symptoms include increase blood pressure, and nausea. An anxiety disorder can occur when an individual has a out of proportion reaction to what might be normally expected in situations. There are six main classifications of anxiety disorders. Those classifications include: Generalized anxiety disorder, Panic disorder, Phobia, Social anxiety disorder, Obsessive compulsive disorder and Post traumatic stress disorder.
Another type of disorder is depression disorder. Depressive disorder is defined as an illness that involved the body, mood and thoughts. Depressive disorders interfere with daily life, and normal functioning.
Individuals with a depressive disorder cannot simply put their lives together and get better. They have to receive treatment because without it symptoms can last for weeks, months or years. Just like anxiety, depressive disorder come in different forms. Some types of depressive disorder are major depression, dysthymic disorder, psychotic depression, postpartum depression and seasonal affective disorder. Furthermore, there is no single cause for depression and most consider it a combination of genetic, biochemical, environment and psychological factors. 5. Bipolar or manic depression is defined as a mental illness that brings severe high and low moods and changes in sleep, energy, thinking, and behavior.
As a result, bipolar individuals can go through period which they feel overly happy and other periods where they feel hopelessly sad. If you break down the name manic depressive it tells you a lot about this mental illness. For example, the word manic refers to the time when someone bipolar is feeling overly excited.
In addition, the word depressive refers to the times when a person feels overly sad. There is also a phase referred to as Hypomania. Hypomania is described as a milder symptoms of mania, and it when their high symptoms do not interfere with their everyday life. Nevertheless, most people with bipolar disorder spend most of their time with the depressive state vs the manic or hypomanic state. Another mental illness is borderline personality disorder.
Borderline personality disorder is defined as a mental illness marked by an ongoing pattern of varying moods, self image and behavior. As a result, these moods swings often result in impulsive actions. Furthermore, individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder can experience intense episodes of anger, depression and anxiety. Borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder have a lot in common but they also differ in a few key points. On way they are similar is that both bipolar and border personality disorder go through varying mood swings. One way they are different is that borderline personality disorder symptoms are pretty consistent and ongoing, while people with bipolar disorder tend to go on breaks. 6.7.
Schizophrenia is defined a long-term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation. To add to that, there are four main types of Schizophrenia. Those four types are paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia and residual schizophrenia. For starters, paranoid schizophrenia is the most common subtype of schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenia can be defined by the presence of auditory hallucinations or delusional thoughts about persecution or conspiracy. So in layman’s terms you might think your being chased by an individual for a crime you think you committed, but in reality those thoughts aren’t actually real. The next type of Schizophrenia is Disorganized Schizophrenia.
In Disorganized Schizophrenia your ability to maintain logical thinking is largely affected. For example, you might wear multiple layers of clothing on a hot summer day. Another type of Schizophrenia is Catatonic Schizophrenia. There are two types of catatonic behavior.
The two types are catatonic stupor, and catatonic excitement. Catatonic stupor is defined as a dramatic reduction in activity, to the point where all sorts of movement may stop. On the other hand, catatonic excitement is characterized by hyperactivity and the presence of stereotypic behavior, a condition that creates repetitive but purposeless actions. The next type of Schizophrenia is residual schizophrenia. Residual Schizophrenia is when you have had a history of schizophrenia before, and the severity of negative symptoms has reduced drastically. Another disorder is Schizotypal. Schizotypal is defined as a psychiatric condition marked by disturbed thoughts and behavior, unusual beliefs and fears, and difficulty with forming and maintaining relationships. As a result, someone with Schizotypal might be described as odd and usually only has a few if any friends.
Nevertheless, individuals with Schizotypal don’t usually understand how relationships work. 8. 9. A disability is defined as a physical or mental condition that limits movement, senses or activities.
Disabilities covers a wide range of conditions including deafness, cerebral palsy, paralysis, and many more. To add to that in some cases a disability is a minor inconvenience that can be controlled through something as simple as medication and in other cases it very severe and it plays a major impact in an individual’s life. Because disabilities include such a wide range they are often not apparent. Some examples of that would be learning disabilities, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. Nevertheless, disabilities don’t have to be permanent they can also be short term. For example, if someone breaks their leg they can be temporarily disabled. On the other hand, a handicap is defined as a circumstance that makes progress or success difficult.
Some examples of handicaps include a missing leg or blindness. Nevertheless handicap and disability are often expressed hand in hand. However there is a difference in the two. For starters, a handicap is an inability to accomplish something one might want to do and a disability is something that impairs individual’s from doing something.
As a result a person can be disabled without being handicapped. 10. For starters, an addictive personality is a set of personality traits that make an individual more prone to develop an addictions to drugs, alcohol and other habit forming behaviors. Some of those personality traits include lying, manipulation, impulsive behavior, criminal behavior, blame shifting, and sensation seeking. To add to that, if an individual is related to someone with an addiction, that can also make it more likely for an individual to develop an addiction. Furthermore, individuals with various mental health disorders can be more likely to abuse and are at a higher risk of addiction.
Some of those disorders include depression, post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorder, and Schizophrenia. Addictive personalities are in all types of addiction because it is what assist them through the addiction. For example, a drug addict that needs its next fix is going to lie, or manipulate to get it and those traits are what assist in the addiction. Another example, is a gambler.
A gambler is going to have the impulse to keep gambling and when they lose they are going to shift the blame on everything else such as the dealer or table. As a result, addiction personalities can be present in all types of addiction because they assist with it.