1. suspect. Epistemology: Epistemology is the branch of

1. What is philosophy? How it islove of knowledgeIntroduction:Philosophy is the study of universal and elementaryproblems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind,and language. In history, “philosophy” covers all the knowledge thatcan be astronomy, medicine, and physics.

In the modern era, philosophy becameseparated in different academic disciplines, including psychology, sociology,linguistics, and economics, art, science, politics, or other pursuits remainedpart of philosophy.  For example,Newton’s 1687 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy later becameclassified as a book of physics. “Therational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics”(WordNet)Howit is love of knowledge:Philosophy is a composed of two parts: ‘Philos'(love) and ‘Sophia’ (wisdom) which means love of wisdom. The first part of theword is easy to understand which means “attraction to”. When we love somethingwe place that thing at the height of likeness. The one’s who love wisdom willconsider it valuable to look for. According to ancient Greeks wisdom is beyondthe reach of human; it did not come naturally to the human beings.

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AncientGreeks believed that wisdom was not approachable to the common people. 2.Branches of philosophy      Thefive branches of philosophy are:1.             Metaphysics (the true nature ofreality)2.             Epistemology (the true nature ofknowledge and belief)3.             Politics (how humans functionwithin a society)4.             Ethics (values and decision makingprocess)5.

             Esthetics (the nature of beauty andart) Metaphysics:Itis the study of the true nature of reality from which we perceive and give meaningto our world. Metaphysics deals with the things which exists but do not haveany physicality e.g god, beauty. The degree to which our metaphysical worldviewis correct is the degree to which we are able to comprehend the world, and actaccordingly. Without this firm foundation, all knowledge becomes suspect.Epistemology:Epistemologyis the branch of acquiring knowledge.

It determines a proper method ofevaluation and explains how we think. Without epistemology, we could not think. It is concerned with how our minds arerelated to reality.

It is needed in order to use and obtain knowledge of theworld around us.   Ethics:Ethicsis the branch in which we categorize our values and pursue them. Ethics is a mustfor human life. It is important in deciding a path of our actions and withoutit our actions would be random and aimless. Politics:Politicstells you how a society must be set up and how one should act within a society.

The requirement for a political system is that the individuals within thatsystem are allowed to fully function according to their nature. A human beingcannot survive in an environment where reason is ineffective, and will thriveor starve to a degree in proportion to the effectiveness of reason. This meansthat the prime goal of a political system must be the preservation and enablingof the faculty of reason. Reason does not function under coercion.

Esthetics:Estheticsis the study of art. It is a mean of expressing the ethics previously learnt. Itdeals with the questions of beauty taste and expression.  3.How philosophy forms the basis of gaining knowledge in any field:Philosophy forms the basis of gaining knowledge in away that it provides openness to ask questions which enhance existing knowledgeand also helps to improve critical thinking skills.

Philosophy is really aboutclarifying concepts and finding logical implications. The ancient philosopherSocrates initiated this approach to gain knowledge. He was famous to askquestions from his students.

In philosophy we analyze the nature of knowledgeand relate it to different concepts like truth, belief, values, ethics etc.Philosophy brings about the problems and also highlights the path for thesolution of those problems.  Physicists,chemists, and biologists are interested in debating over which scientificentities really exist (such as electrons), and philosophers debate over how weshould answer this question.4.Is philosophy only subjective?Inphilosophy, the distinction between objective and subjective normally refers tojudgments and claims which people make. Objective judgments and claims areassumed to be free from personal considerations, emotional perspectives, etc.Subjective judgments and claims, however, are assumed to be heavily (if notentirely) influenced by such personal considerations. Thus,the statement “I am six feet tall” is considered to be objectivebecause such precise measurement is presumed to be uninfluenced by personalpreferences.

Moreover, the accuracy of the measurement can be checked andre-checked by independent observers. In contrast, the statement “I liketall men” is an entirely subjective judgment because it can be informedsolely by personal preferences – indeed; it is a statement of personalpreference. 5.Philosophy is the mother of all sciences:Philosophy which literally means the love ofknowledge is the study of thinking and knowledge itself. Philosophyfamiliarizes you with fine distinctions in the context and meaning of wordsrequired to give informed opinions on even the most subtle and intricate ofsciences. It helps you develop and nurture the keenness and openness of mindnecessary for a deep and wholesome appreciation of life and the world. Indeedthere is no intellectual discipline more apt to be addressed as the mother ofall sciences.

This was once a universally recognized fact in every famedUniversity in the world. You needed to first get your Language and Philosophybasics sorted before you could even think of acquiring deep knowledge in anyfield of study. The model of classical education followed up until thetwentieth century was designed to comprise of two basic components, the Triviumand the Quadrivium at the primary level. The idea behind this was that withoutbeing sufficiently proficient in the use of Language, Logic and Mathematics,one cannot hope to progress to the more sophisticated fields of study.     6.Philosophy and science what is the connection?Theconnection between science and philosophy has continued for thousands of years.Today, it has not only been conserved but is also growing significantlystronger.

The extent of the scientific work and the social significance ofresearch have attained immense proportions. For example, philosophy and physicswere at first naturally interconnected, particularly in the work of Galileo,Descartes, Kepler, Newton, Lomonosov, Mendeleyev and Einstein, and generally inthe work of all scientists with a broad outlook. Atone time it was commonly held that philosophy was the science of sciences,their ultimate ruler. Today physics is considered as the queen of sciences.Both views hold a definite measure of truth. Physics with its tradition, thespecific objects of study and vast range of exact methods of observation andexperiment applies an exceptionally fruitful influence on all or almost allspheres of knowledge. Philosophy may be called the “science ofsciences” maybe in the sense that it is, in effect, the self-awareness ofthe sciences and the source from which all the sciences draw their world-view.

 Asa whole, philosophy and the sciences are equal partners supporting creativethought in its explorations to achieve generalizing truth. Philosophy does notsubstitute the specific sciences and does not control them, but it describesgeneral principles of theoretical thinking, with a method of cognition andworld-view. In this sense scientific philosophy reasonably holds one of the keypositions in the sy1stem of the sciences. 

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