any imputation or criminal accusation entrust their defense to a criminal
lawyer of their choice.
you are arrested by the national police, local police, regional police or the
civil guard, you have the right to appoint a lawyer: call a criminal lawyer of
you have the right to a lawyer ex officio, know that the agents of the authority
or the judge must grant you up to 8 hours for your private attorney to arrive.
you are summoned or called to testify in the police, civil guard or court,
immediately call a criminal lawyer of your choice.
have the right not to testify in the police or civil guard, and declare, if you
wish, in court.
many cases, it is better to testify in court and not in the police station or
barracks, since your lawyer has the right to interview you after the police
process and before declaring in court. In addition, your lawyer may
consult the proceedings in court, if they have not been declared secret.
not let yourself be intimidated by the police or civil guard:
do not declare under any circumstances without the presence of your lawyer.
Do not sign anything if your lawyer is not in front of you.
in the event of any aggression, physical abuse, threat or coercion, request
If you believe that you have been illegally or unlawfully detained, apply for
ask for a doctor if you are injured, have a mental problem, have used narcotics
tell your lawyer about any anomaly you have observed in your detention.
any documents that can help you in your defense, and remember names or other
information to identify witnesses.
not leave your defense for the last day: the first hours and days from the
beginning of a criminal procedure (attestations, proceedings, statements,
medical examination, etc.) are fundamental for the defense.
that you are not forced to incriminate yourself.
in mind that an accusation, prosecution or criminal accusation can mean the
entry into prison, the seizure of your property and your ruin or that of your
12. If you or someone in your
family or a friend has a criminal problem, know that criminal lawyers are
specialized in defending citizens so that, using their right of defense, we try
to resolve their situation in the best possible way.
from a lawyer for those who fear possible deportation
How do I
prepare for eventual deportation?
you have children and are American citizens, sign a document that gives a
guardian the care of their children in case of their absence. If your
house, car or business is found in your possessions, leave a power of attorney
to another person who is authorized to sell or administer it. It is also
important to contact an immigration attorney, who can handle the case if an
arrest should occur; This can help find mechanisms to avoid deportation or
to lengthen the process.
If you can pay a lawyer to represent you, it is better to do
so. Call the Attorney Referral Service in your county, if one exists, to
be referred to a lawyer, or look in the yellow pages under
“Attorneys” where lawyers are listed by legal areas.