Title/Author of work: “Bless Me, Ultima” by Rudolfo Anaya Publication Date : January 12, 1972 2. Genre (characteristics): The genre for this book is fiction. Some characteristics are ; magical realism, coming of age, and philosophical literature. 3. Significance of title: The significance of the title is that it refers to the last request of Antonio to Ultima. 4. Author’s Background: additional works, stylistic /thematic tendencies, influences, affiliations, etc.: Rudolfo Anaya is an American writer who was born on October 30, 1937.
He is known for the books such as, Bless Me Ultima , Heart of Aztlàn , and Tortuga. His thematic tendencies of his books are on Chicano themes about human condition. These books often reflect on experiences of Anaya’s childhood. Anaya was an advocate for multiculturalism and bilingualism, and often contributed to numerous Hispanic writings. In 2002, Anaya was awarded a National Medal of Arts. 5.
Major theme: The major theme for Bless Me, Ultima is loss of innocence. In the beginning of the book Antonio is unaware of the dangers and tragedies that happen in the world. Throughout the novel, he starts to become more aware of the good and evil. In the end of the novel, Antonio has lost his innocence but replaced it with understatement and maturity. 6. Minor themes and motifs: The minor theme for Bless Me, Ultima is ethical independence. It’s ethical independence because throughout the novel Antonio tries to use religion to answer events that he doesn’t completely understand but it still doesn’t help him. This later on leads him to make his own decisions with the help of Ultima.
7. Significant character(s): (flat, round, static, dynamic, complex, protagonist, antagonist, etc.): Antonio – Protagonist and Dynamic Tenorio – AntagonistUltima – Confidante Florence – Flat8. Minor (but significant) character(s) and their function(s): Gabriel and María Márez : Their both conflicting views on Antonio’s future makes it difficult for him to chose and accept their beliefs Cico : Showed Antonio another belief system when seeing the golden carp, who is a pagan God Lupito : His death provides the momentum in Antonio’s religious and moral questioning Andrew, Eugene, and León Marez : Their leaving makes their parents be more expecting of Antonio’s future. After they leave for good they crush the dreams of their parents but set them straight on their dreams9. Main setting(s) and significance: 10. Point of View: The story is written in Antonio’s first person point of view. 11.
Brief Synopsis/Conflicts: 12. Significant Symbolism (relevance?): Ultima’s Owl is one of the significant symbolism in the book. Ultima’s owl is the soul of Ultima which means that they are magically linked. The owl also reflects Ultima’s violent and vengeful side to those who mean harm.
It also is the protector of Antonio and spiritual mentor. Another significant symbolism is blood. The blood the was stained by the river from Lupito symbolizes the sins that the town has commited. 13. Comment on the following literary devices and provide a textual example: Imagery: Tone: Diction: Syntax: Figurative Language: Irony: (verbal, situational, dramatic, paradox, understatement, hyperbole): 14.
Significant Quotation. Briefly explain significance. “It will only end when blood is spilled.
” This is important because it says that once someone wants revenge there will be no peaceful end to the conflict. The person won’t care what it takes to get revenge and will only stop until they avenge. 15. Create/answer 3 analytical questions to spark discussion: 1.