· shortage. Nowadays, some of the residential estates


            , “Where will
the megatonnage of food come from to feed some five billion urban people?”
(Attendees of the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlement N/D). The
number of people living in cities is expected to triple by 2025. Archeologists
attribute the fall of some ancient urban civilizations to the simple lack of
food. Hunger would always be a destabilizing factor (Malthus, a Protestant
minister et al.1900). Omaha Nebraska Cooperative Extension Nutrition Education
Program indicated that two-thirds of the program participants said that they ran
out of groceries by the end of the month. Eighty percent of the participants
reported that they would like a garden in their community where they could grow
fresh produce.


Observed by Ole
Reyia(2016),  many urban
households, particularly the poor, have started to grow own food on small plots
to overcome food shortage. Nowadays, some of the residential estates and on the
rural areas of the city in Nairobi such as Ngara, Eastleigh and Buru Buru ,
greenhouses and ponds compete for space with small gardens planted with
flowers, vegetables and fruits for instants, banana plants and palm trees,
kale, cabbage, and maize gardens sprout in the middle of urban squalor. Those
urban features and rural agrarian patterns are combined in a new form of
settlement called “garden cities”. Urban agriculture is increasing gradually.
The practice involves cultivating, processing, and distributing food in and
around a town or city and forms activities including horticulture, aquaculture,
animal husbandry and bee keeping. Many cities all over the world, especially Johannesburg,
Washington (United States), Vancouver (Canada), La Paz (Bolivia) and the
Ghanaian town of Tamale, have embraced this type of farming. Nairobi Governor
Evans Kidero (2016) commented that some land in the city should be used for
growing food. In order to prevent food insecurity, allotment gardens were
established in Germany in the early 19th Century. During the post-depression
period and in the wake of the two world wars, the US, Canada and UK also
started victory gardens to address the food shortages. Notably
the Victory Garden movement during World War 11. Victory Gardens were household
vegetable gardens encouraged by government and citizens’ groups as a way for
civilians to support the war effort. Home-grown vegetables from Victory Gardens
helped to stretch household budgets and reduce reliance on resources that could
be otherwise used for the military. Some households sold their produce and donated
the proceeds for war relief (Brown and Jameton, 2000).


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