¢ InIndia the dairy farming is still existing as a subsidiary to the agriculture -additional income to agricultural labours, small and middle farmers.¢ InIndia growing atleast one or two dairy animals by farmers have many advantagesof economic importance¢ Dairyanimals fits well in any diversified farming programmes¢ Dairyanimals are efficient convertors of roughage to produce milk.¢ Theprices of most of the agricultural produce show great fluctuation where as milkwill not have such fluctuations in price.¢ Theeconomics can be calculated daily also.
¢ Improvesthe family diet in terms of nutrition.¢ Themale animals are utilized for draft purpose.¢ Evenafter death, the carcasses are utilized¢ EconOmicfactors¢ Economicmilk production mainly depends upon the economic feed formulations.¢ Theeffective breeding policy – Selection of high yielding animals.¢ Dryroughages will improve the butter fat content – high payment for the milk.¢ Themanagemental conditions are cardinal in maintaining the optimum level ofproduction and also to keep up the animal health ¢ Theoptimum use of land, manure resources to produce fodder with less investment.
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¢ Betterlabour efficiency¢ Efficientdisposal of milk plays half of the economic role in dairying¢ Soundbusiness practices appropriate to dairy farming is important at all levels.i.e., purchases of inputs, and also disposal of products and by products ¢ Postproduction of milk¢ Amedium or big size dairy farm simultaneously they can have either processing ofmilk 1 production of many dairy production.¢ Simultaneousestablishment of processing plant will increase the income of dairying 30-40% andestablishment of products factory will increase the profit by 40-50 % overdairy farming Factors influencedairy farm ¢ Selectionof good animals¢ Balancedfeeding¢ Greenfodder feeding¢ Conservationof greens¢ Formulationof concentrates with unconventional ingredients¢ GMP¢ Usesof agricultural by products¢ Effectiveutilization of labour¢ Replacementof the herd¢ Milkprice¢ Advertisement¢ Conservationin to milk products¢ EconomicInstitutions Supporting Dairy development Programmes / Agencies ¢ Forstarting any business, the foremost important resource one should give primeimportance is finance¢ Severalinstitutions are concerned either directly or indirectly in the activities orproviding finance to establish dairy farm, milk collection centres, dairyplants etc¢ Indian Dairy Corporation¢ NDDB¢ NABARD¢ Commercial Bank¢ Cooperative ¢ Milkpricing ¢ Thepricing of any commodity is always based on its cost price and the price paidby the consumer¢ Anypricing system followed should be¢ Remunerativeto the producers.¢ Competitiveto the local market prices.
¢ Discourageadulteration and promote quality consciousness.¢ Basedon milk constituents i.e. Fat & SNF¢ Pricing onpro-rata fat basis milk procurement ¢ Priceof milk is fixed proportional to the fat content of milk¢ Thissystem will assign practically zero value for value for S.N.F content ¢ Pricingon two axis basis¢ Basedon both fat and SNF, it is called as “two access pricing”¢ Usedin pricing cow as well as buffalo milk where both fat and SNF contents aretaken into accounts.¢ Theprices of fat and SNF are fixed depending-upon the market price of GHEE andskim milk power¢ Normallythe price of fat will be declared by thunion for different seasonsand the priceof SNF will be 2/3 price of the fat Pricing onEquivalent Fat unit basis ¢ SNFunits are converted into equivalent fat unit in proportion to the relativemarket prices of fat SNF¢ The SNFis Value at 2/3 unit of fat